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2019-10-09来源:本站编辑

作文一:《英语图表作文范例 》5300字

  图表作文写作指导  图表作文至Shao包含描述图表与解释原因两个部分,而当前的图表Zuo文大多还有第三个段落。图表作文的规律性很强,Bu像图画式作文那样富于变化。  1.首段的Xie作  图表作文有表格(table)、柱形Tu(bar chart)、饼状图(pie chart)He折线图(diagram)之分,后三种都属于图Biao的范畴(chart)。不管是chart还是table,Du需要进行描述,一般放在文章的第一部分,长度宜Shi中。描述数据我们要首先看看是几个变量(A),Mei个变量有几个数据(B),不妨以A*B表示。  Ru果只有一个变量,有三个数据,可以描述如下:  From the chart we can see clearly that the average number of hours a student spends on Internet per week has increased from less than two hours in 1998 to nearly four hours in 2000, and then to 20 hours in 2004.  Ru果是最常见的是2*3的情形,可以描述如下:  From the chart, we can see clearly that in a big city in China, state-owned houses declined from 75% in 1990 to 60% in 1995 and then to 20% in 2000, while private houses rose from 25% to 40% and then to 80% during the same period.  Zhe里用了while引起从句来突显对比,是一种非Chang好的办法,如果用两句话来描述,也完全可以。  Ru果是1*n(n>3)的情形,将头与尾描述出来Ji可,比较好的方法就是在句中描述最后一个与第一Ge相比变化了多少。  碰到多变量、每个变量Duo数据的情形,大家应首先进行分类,分成上升、下Jiang两类,或者上升、下降、不变三类,这样问题就迎Ren而解了。  2.第二段的写作  第二Duan是解释原因的段落。我们谈谈两个问题。  Shou先是过渡句这个问题。这里不大可能放在第一段,Yin为第一段s://www.pufa5/question/595d7b91758125608.html不可能像某些命题作文那样简洁(如只有Yi句)——例如提纲式作文中的批驳类文章中除第二Duan首句批驳之外还有首段末句批驳,效果很强烈。  Qi次就是此段的主题句(topic sentence)De问题。此句或主观或客观,并无拘束,只要上下文Feng格统一即可。  主观:We believe that three reasons can account for this phenomenon.  I believe that three reasons can account for this phenomenon.  In my mind, the reasons why the overseas students are on the rise are as follows.  Zhu观之变体(使用插入语,突显主语):Three reasons, we believe, can account for this phenomenon.  Three reasons, I believe, can account for this phenomenon.  Three reasons, I firmly believe, can account for this phenomenon.  Zhu意:插入语的使用属于看似平淡却极富功力的技巧,Ke以达到很好的效果。  主观之变体(使用插Ru语):Three reasons, in my mind, can account for this phenomenon.  Ke观:Several reasons can account for this phenomenon.  Zai主题句之后,可以使用连接词分两个、三个或四个Fang面来写,其中分三个方面来写最为常见。这里就与Pu通的说明文与议论文一样了——可以由最重要的到Zui不重要的,也可以由最不重要的到最重要的,也可Neng平行分布,依具体情况而定,不一而足。  3.Di三段的写作  第三段直接写结论的情况已基Ben没有了。如果这篇文章讲的是一个令人担忧的问题,Na么这一段写解决办法的可能性最大。  如果Zhe篇文章讲的是一个好的变化,那么这一段很可能是Liang种情况——可能写负面的影响或存在的问题,或者Xie未来趋势或发展方向。  上述均根据具体情Kuang而定。  图表作文注意事项  写图表Zuo文,并不是单纯的用语言文字把图表里的所有数字Xin息一一摊摆,逐条列出,而是利用这些数据,经常Huan得筛选,将该图表所要说明的主要问题阐述清楚。Jiu这个意义上说,图表作文属于说明文。如果图表信Xi是用来论证某一观点,则图表作文属于议论文。因Ci,图表作文在结构处理和写法上与说明文或议论文Shi相同的。它通常必须:  1. 用一个主题Ju或引言段,综述全图表的中心信息(也就是考生在Shen阅图表后形成的结论)。  2. 列举三组Zuo右的相关数据来说明或证实主题句或引言段所提及De要点。  3. 分析产生这一图表结论的原Yin或联想推测可能引起的后果。  图表作文范Wen  范文:How People Spent Their Holidays  Year 1990 1995 2000  Traveling 37% 51% 76%  Staying at home 63% 49% 24%  1. Shang图所示为1990、1995、2000年某城市Ren们度假方式的情况,请描述其变化:  2. Qing说明发生这些变化的原因。  3. 得出结Lun。  How People Spent Their Holidays  1)As can be seen from the table, the past decade have witnessed dramatic changes in the way people spent their holiday between 1990 and 2000. 2) In 1990, 63% of people spent their holidays at home, while the figure dropped considerably to 24% in 2000. 3) It is  obvious from the table that people tended to be more and more mobile, and they wanted to get entertainment in the outside world.  What contributed to these changes? I think the reasons are as follows. 1) To start with, with the rapid development of economy, people earn by far more money than they used to. Thus, people are able to afford traveling expenses. 2) Secondly, people think it important to get well-informed about the outside world in this new era when everything is on the move. Traveling, of course, is a sure way to achieve this goal. 3) What's more, in this competitive society, people are usually under great stress. However, it is not difficult to find traveling an effective way to relieve people's stress and get relaxation. 4) Last but not least, by traveling outside, people are close to nature, which is not only beneficial to their health but also to the peace of mind.  In conclusion, people prefer to go traveling rather than stay at home during holidays for a combination of reasons. Moreover, it seems that this trend will last in the foreseeable future.

作文二:《英语图表作文范文 》35200字

  How People Spent Their Holidays  As can be seen from the table, the past decade have witnessed dramatic changes in the way people spent their holiday between 1990 and 2000.In 1990, 63% of people spent their holidays at home, while the figure dropped considerably to 24% in 2000. It is obvious from the table that people tended to be more and more mobile, and they wanted to get entertainment in the outside world.  What contributed to these changes? I think the reasons are as follows. To start with, with the rapid development of economy, people earn by far more money than they used to. Thus, people are able to afford traveling expenses. Secondly, people think it important to get well-informed about the outside world in this new era when everything is on the move. Traveling, of course, is a sure way to achieve this goal. What's more, in this competitive society, people are usually under great stress. However, it is not difficult to find traveling an effective way to relieve people's stress and get relaxation. Last but not least, by traveling outside, people are close to nature, which is not only beneficial to both their health and peace of mind.  In conclusion, people prefer to go traveling rather than stay at home during holidays for a combination of reasons. Moreover, it seems that this trend will last in the foreseeable future.  Ren口增长对野生动物的影响(99年真题)  [2.Tu画/图表描述段] From these graphs, we can draw a conclusion that, with the gro wth of human population, the number of species has decreased rapidly in America, and so me species have even vanished from our planet.  [6.Yuan因列军段]Why does this phenomenon appear? There are several possible reasons for this. Above all, as the human population grows rapidly, a growing number of people came to live where some wild species have been living. Then these species have to mov e to other places. Some of them probably can not adapt to the new environment and die. In addition, although many people look on the wildlife as their friends, some people may not think so. They catch a lot of wild animals and sell them in order to get more mone y. Even worse(Huai)/More importantly(好), as the result(Zhong性)/consequence(贬义)of the industry, the natural balance and the ecologic environment are destroyed. The clear cuttin  g has become increasingly serious. So some of the wildlife become homeless and extinct.  [10.Jian议措施段]In order to protect the wildlife, I have some suggestions. First, the go vernments should make laws to prevent them from being caught and killed. Second, the g overnments should educate people to love nature and protect it. Third, as for ourselves, w e should take practical actions to protect our living environment.  Yan草生产和消费(01年大纲样题)  [1.Xian象/现状说明段]The majority of people would agree that cigarette smoking has ca used serious problems. But the tobacco companies insist that they contribute greatly to the world economy by paying taxes to the government and employing hundreds of workers.  [4.Li弊说明段]Personally, I believe that cigarette production and consumption threaten s to do more harm than good. Firstly, smoking is responsible for many fatal diseases such  as lung cancer, heart diseases and so on. According to the survey, tobacco consumers ac count for about 20% of the world population, and among them, three million people die f rom smoking-related diseases every year. The fact that the output of tobacco production is reduced from 143.64 billion pounds in 1994 to 142 billion pounds in 1995 also suggests that people have come to realize the negative effects of smoking. Secondly, tobacco cons umption is extremely wasteful of money. As is indicated in the pictures, 200 billion US d ollars is lost due to smoking each year. Obviously, the total loss of money around the gl obe substantially exceeds the gain in the industry.  [8.Gui纳结论段]In conclusion, as the economic development aims at making our life b etter, we cannot sacrifice our health for short-term financial benefits. If we have to spend more and more money providing medical services for those who suffer from smoking-rel ated illnesses, the notion of promoting economy via tobacco production is not justifiable. I t is high time that we fought for the total tobacco ban.  Ri用花销统计  Statistics in People's Daily Expenses in Xi'an  YearItem 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999  Food 66% 61% 48% 41% 36%  Clothing 9% 10% 12% 15% 18%  Recreation 4% 5% 8% 9% 11%  [2.Tu画/图表描述段]What is shown in the table above indicates that dramatic changes have taken place in the daily expenses in Xi' an from 1995 to 1999. The expenses on f  ood have declined by 30% while those on clothing and recreation have increased respectiv ely by 9% and 7%. The statistics of rise and fall seem to exist in isolation but closely re lated to one another.  [6.Yuan因列军段]There are two factors accounting for these changes. Development in ec onomy is an essential one in the five years. The increased income resulting from economi c growth plays an important part in the less expense on food. Hence, a small percentage of total income is enough to cover food expense. Another one is the changes in life style. When food presents no worry to the average, people begin to focus more of interest on handsome appearance and happy leisure time. As a result of such a shift, spending on clo thing and recreation increased year after year.  [9.Qu势预测段]From the analyses made above, we may come to the conclusion that p eople's living standards in Xi' an have been constantly improved between 1995 and 1999. With the further growth in economy and more changes in life style, the tendency indicate d in the table will continue in the table will continue in the better direction.  【Duan落类型分析】  第一段第二段第三段  Tu画/图表描述段原因阐释段建议措施段  【Can考范文一】  From these graphs, we can draw a conclusion that, with the growth of human population, the number of species has decreased rapidly in America, and some species have even vanished from our planet.  There are numerous reasons accounting for the phenomenon and I would like to explore a few of the most important ones here. Above all, as the human population grows rapidly, a growing number of people came to live where some wild species have been living. Then these species have to move to other places. Some of them probably can not adapt to the new  environment and die. In addition, although many people look on the wildlife as their friends, some people may not think so. They catch a lot of wild animals and sell them in order to get more money. Consequently, the natural balance and the ecologic environment are destroyed. The clear cutting has become increasingly serious. So some of the wildlife become homeless and extinct.  In order to protect the wildlife, I have some suggestions. First, the governments should make laws to prevent them from being caught and killed. Second, the governments should educate people to love nature and protect it. Third, as for ourselves, we should take practical actions to protect our living environment. (210 words)  Directions:  A Study the following pie chart carefully and write an essay of about 20  0 words within 40 minutes.  B Your essay must be written neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.  C Your essay should meet the requirements below:  1 Describe the pie chart.  2 State the possible benefits brought about by the investment.  3 Suggest measures helping to attract investment from outside  Investment in Beijing from Different Countries and Regions  Hong Kong ---44%  Japan --- 19.2%  U.S.A.---16%  Other 23 countries ---21.8%  Zi从1979年中国对外开放以来,北京在吸引投资He资企业方面已取得了显著成绩。根据图示,不同企Ye的投资者来自26个国家和地区。香港的投资额居Di一位,占总额的44%。日本占19.2%,居第Er位。美国为第三,占16%。  普遍认为,Bei京从外部投资中受益匪浅。首先,大量合资企业已Jing建立,这就大大促进了“首都经济”的发展。其次,Wai资企业为北京市民提供了许多就业机会。这又缓解Liao北京的下岗工人问题。最后,由于北京和沿海开放Cheng市一样享有许多优惠政策,所以高科技产业在首都Xun速发展。  至于吸引外资的措施,我认为有Ru下几点。一方面,我们应该专门努力来改善投资环Jing。另一方面,我们应该抓住机遇把目前的外资企业Guan理好。  Since China opened its door to the outside world in 1979, Beijing h as made remarkable results in attracting foreign business to invest in joi  Directions: In this part, you are to write an essay of about 200 words within 40 mi nutes. Your essay must meet the requirements below.  1. Show your understanding of the meaning of the picture below  2. State the harmful effects of fake and inferior products  3. Suggest ways to fight against fake and inferior products  Zheng如所给的图画所描绘的,我国社会主义市场经济正Zai迅速发展,就像一辆高速行驶的卡车。但是公众惊Ya地发现,越来越多的假冒伪劣产品严重地阻碍了我Guo市场经济的发展。消费者必须经常谨慎地去购买他Men所需的货物或服务,否则他们会落入制假人所设的Xian阱。  毫无疑问,假冒伪劣产品极其有害.Shou先,它们危害人民的健康,引发了许多伤害事故.Li如,伪劣药品不仅使病人恶化,而且往往会威胁病Ren的生命,更糟的是,导致病人的死亡。其次,假冒Wei劣产品通常廉价出售。在许多情况下,它们有干扰Liao我国正常的经济秩序,影响了许多高质量产品的销Lu。这在很大程度上阻碍了我国社会主义市场经济的Jian康发展,并损害了我们国家的利益。因此,我们可Yi说,假冒伪劣产品是我们健康经济中的一颗“毒瘤”,Dui此必须尽快清除。  依我看,必须采取若干Cuo施来与假冒伪劣产品斗争。一方面,制假者必须依Fa严惩。另一方面,由于市场的日益复杂化消费者常Hui遇到欺诈行为。虽然有法律保护消费者,但是没有Zu够数量的执法者来处理市场的全部流弊。所以,消Fei者应该学会辨别真假。只有这样,消费者才能维护Ta们的合法权益  As the picture given depicts, the socialist market-oriented econom y in our country is developing rapidly, just like a truck running at a hi gh speed. But the general public is surprised to find that there are m ore and more fake and inferior products seriously hampering the expa nsion of our marker economy. Consumers have to be very careful in purchasing goods and services they need; otherwise they will fall into the traps set by the illegal manufacturers who make fake and inferio r products.  There is no doubt that fake and inferior products are extremely h armful. In the first place, they endanger people’s health, giving rise to a lot of injury accidents. For instance, inferior-quality medicines not o nly aggravate a patient’s condition, but also tend to threaten his life a nd, what’s worse, to result in his death. Secondly, fake and inferior p roducts are usually sold on the cheap. In many cases they interfere with the normal economic order in our country, affecting the market o f many high-quality goods. This in a great degree, hinders the develo pment of our socialist market economy and harms the interests of ou r state. Therefore, we can say that fake and inferior products are a d angerous “tumor” in our healthy economy, which must be cut away a s soon possible.  In my opinion, several strong measures should be adopted to fig ht against fake and inferior products. On the one hand, those who m ake them must be severely punished by the law. On the other hand, due to the growing complexity of the market, consumers are often fa ced with deceptive practices. Although there are laws designed to pro tect consumers, there is not a sufficient number of law enforcers to c over all the abuses of the marketplace. Hence, consumers should lea  rn to discern between true and false. Only in this way can they defe nd their own legal rights and interests.  Directions:  A. Study the following graph carefully and write an essay of about 200  words within 40 minutes  B. Your essay must be written neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.  C. Your essay should meet the requirements below:  1. describe the increase in the farmer’s average personal income  2. give possible reasons for the increase  3. predict future prospect  Gen据表中所给的数字,自1970年至1990年中Guo农民的个人收入稳步增长。70年代中期农民的收Ru还是相当低的。其个人收入约为180元。但是,1980Nian平均个人收入增加将近50%,达到270元。如Biao中所示,他们的收入在1985  年翻了一Fan,总计为540元。此后收入的增加呈持续的趋势。Zong之,在这20年中,农民收入迅速增加。  Zhong国农民收入增加的主要原因有两点。首先,我国政Fu一直在贯彻执行改革开放政策。大量的乡镇企业已Zai农村建立起来了。这就大大促进了农村经济的发展。Qi次,中国的农业政策进行了巨大的改革,党的政策Diao动了农民的积极性。因此,农业产量不断上升。所You这一切使农民的收入不断增加。  我认为,Sui着一系列新的农业政策的贯彻执行,中国的农业将De到更为迅速的发展。毫无疑问,农民的生活水平将Da幅度提高。  According to the figures given by the graph, the Chinese farmers’ p ersonal income rose steadily from 1970 to 1990. In the middle of 1970’s their income was rather low. Their annual personal income was about 1 80 yuan. But in 1980 the average personal income increased approximat ely 50%, reaching 270 yuan. As is shown by the graph, in 1985 their in come doubled, amounting to 540 yuan. After that there was a consistent tendency for income to grow. In a word, during the period of 20 years the farmers’ income had gone up rapidly.  There were two reasons for the increase in the farmers’ income in China. Firstly, the Chinese government had been carrying out a reform a nd opening policy. A large number of county-run enterprises had been s et up in the rural areas. Secondly, a significant reform of agricultural poli cy had been carried out in China. The Party’s policy had brought farmer s’ initiative into full p lay. As a result, the agricultural output had been on the rise all the time. All these factors resulted in the steady growth of f armers’ income.  I believe that with a series of agricultural policies being carried out, there will be even more rapid d evelopment in China’s agriculture. There is no doubt that the farmers’ living standard will be improved to a great extent. (220 words)  Outline:  1.Interpret the graph above.  2.Give possible reasons for the change in the number of film-goers  and TV-watchers.  3.Predict future prospect.  Zui近对某市看电影者和看电视者的一次调查分析了二Zhe人数的变化。曲线图表明,1992年到2002Nian期间看电影的人数以急趋下降,2002年总计为2Wan人。而看电视的人数在过去的10年s://www.pufa5/question/595d7b91758125608.html中持续上升,2002Nian达到15万。最后,有趣的是,1998年电影观Zhong和电视观众数量相等。  我想,这种变化可Neng有两点原因。首先,电视不仅是一种方便的消遣形Shi,而且相对来说价钱便宜。看电视不必安排交通工Ju。人们也不须支付电影院昂贵的座位费。第二,电Shi可以使人及时了解当前大事和科技的最新发展。因Ci,许多人宁愿呆在家里看电视,而不愿出去看电影,Yin为看电影既费时又费钱。  依我看,到现在Reng有许多人爱看电影。他们声称,电影是一种令人心Kuang神怡的艺术形式。舒服地坐在电影院里,人们可以Xin赏到最新的影片,而这些影片通常要过很长时间才Hui在电视上播放。因此,我认为电影观众的人数将来Hui增加。  A recent survey analyzed the change in number of film-goers and T V watchers in X city. As is shown by the graph, there has been a shar p decline in the number of film-goers during the period from 1992 to 20 02, adding up to 20,000 in 2002. On the other hand, the number of TV watchers has steadily increase in the last decade, reaching 150,000 in 2 002. Finally, it is interesting to note that there were as many film-goers as TV watchers in year 1998.  There might be two reason, I think, for the change. Firstly, TV is no t only a convenient source of entertainment, but a comparatively cheap one. There is no point in arranging transport. And one needn’t pay for e xpensive seats at the cinema. Secondly, TV makes it possible for one to keep track of current events and the latest developments in science an d technology. As a consequence, most people prefer to stay at home, w atching TV, rather than go out to the cinema, which wastes both time a nd money.  Personally, there are still a lot of people who enjoy watching films. They argue that the film is a fascinating form of art. Sitting comfortably i n the cinema, one can appreciate the latest movies, which will usually b  Directions: Study the following graphs carefully and write an essay of about 200 words within 4 0 minutes. Your essay must meet the requirements below.  1. Write out the message conveyed by the graph.  2. Make an analysis of the strange phenomenon  3. Give your comments  Zheng如上面两张曲线图所示,从1990年到1995Nian蛋类的平均价格不断上升,并且其需求量也相应增Jia。曲线图还表明,从1995年到2000年期间Dan类价格下降,而且需量也下降。这种现象是很奇怪De并值得研究。根据市场经济法则,需求量增加会引Qi价格上涨。也就是说,当价格上升时,需求就下降,Er当价格回落时,需求就增加。但是现在的现实恰好Xiang反。  产生这种奇怪的现象的原意是很明显De。从1990年到1995年期间随着我国社会主Yi市场经济的发展,人民的收s://www.pufa5/question/595d7b91758125608.html入,其中包括工资、奖Jin和各种补贴迅速增加。虽然蛋类价格的需求量也急Qu增加。另一方面,当蛋类的需求达到某一点时,需Qiu量就停止上升,因为人们开始把越来越多的钱花在Yi着、娱乐和国内外的旅游上。普遍认为,从1995Nian到2000年旅游开支占我国人民总消费量的很大Yi部分。因此,同期蛋类需求量的下降也似乎是合理De。  我的看法是,由于家禽养殖业的不断发Zhan,蛋类价格很可能下降,因为对蛋类的需求有限,Xiao费量的下降也是必然的。  As is shown by the two graphs above, the average price of eggs w as on the rise from 1990 to 1995 and the demand for them increased c orrespondingly. The graphs also indicate that during the period from 199 5 to 2000 the price eggs declined, and so did the demand. The phenom enon is quite strange and worth studying. According to the law of marke t economy, the increase in demand results in higher prices. That is to s ay, when prices climb, the demand decreases, and when prices fall, the demand grows. Now the reality was just the other way round.  The reasons for this strange phenomenon are obvious. During the p eriod from 1990 to 1995 with the development of our socialist market ec onomy people’s income, bonus and different kinds of benef its, increased rapidly. Though the price of eggs rose gradually, the demand for them g rew sharply, too. On the other hand, when the demand for eggs reache d a certain point, it stopped rising because people began to spend more and more money on clothing, recreations and tours round the country a nd even round the world. It is generally assumed that the expenses for t ours accounted for a great part of the total consumption of the people in our country from 1995 to 2000. As a result, it seemed reasonable that the demand for eggs declined during the same period of time.  As far as I’m concerned, with the domestic poultry farming continuin g to develop, the price of eggs is likely to decline because the demand for them is limited and the fall in consumption of them is also inevitable. (270 words)  Directions: In this part, you are to write an essay of about 200 words wi thin 40 minutes. Your essay should be based on the OUTLINE below.  1.Mu前的状况  2.发展旅游业的好处  3.You此而产生的问题  4.我的看法  旅You业----“无烟的工业”----正在中国迅速Fa展。随着改革开放政策的贯s://www.pufa5/question/595d7b91758125608.html彻执行,数以万计的外Guo游人涌入中国。他们渴望参观这个具有5000多Nian灿烂文化的神秘古国。  旅游业作为一种商Ye活动给中国带来许多好处。首先,在经济上它有利Yu我国经济的发展。正如你们所知道的,中国需要大Liang的外汇来执行现代化建设计划。旅游业是获得外汇De最重要的渠道之一。其次,旅游业是中国人民更多Di了解外界。另一方面,访问过中国的外国人对我国De最新发展和我国人民的友好和殷勤留下了深刻的印Xiang。世界各国的报纸经常刊登访问过中国的外国人所Xie的报道,介绍中国人如何彬彬有礼、助人为乐。显Ran,旅游业大大促进了中国人民和世界人民之间的友Yi和了解。  然而,事物总是一分为二的。旅You业也引起许多问题。例如,它增加了我国本来效率Bu高的运输系统的负担。此外,中国人民的生活水平Huan没有高到足以使普通中国人有钱支付长途旅行的各Zhong开支。因此,仍然存在着许多障碍妨碍着旅游业的Fa展。  至于我,我相信,随着我国经济的发Zhan,这些问题必将逐步得到解决。我们期望有一个更Hao更光明的未来。  Tourism, a smokeless industry, is developing rapidly in China. Wit h the reform and opening –up policy being carried out, thousands upon t housands of foreign visitors are crowding into our country. They are eag er to see this old mysterious land with a splendid culture of more than 5, 000 years.  Are Prizes a Good Thing?  Directions: In this part, you are to write an essay of about 200 words wi thin 40 minutes. Your essay should be based on the OUTLINE below.  Ti纲:1. 有奖竞猜的好处  2. 有奖竞Cai引起的问题  3. 我的看法  无可Fou认有奖竞猜能够充分发挥人的积极性。在获奖的强Lie愿望鼓舞下,人们会全力以赴取得最大的成功。此Wai,他将做出特别的努力来采取有效的措施以便达到Ta们的目的。因此,在一次有奖的比赛中会取得最好De成绩。  然而事物总是一分为二的。奖金的Ji励并不总是能产生预想的结果。总会有人会不择手Duan的获取他们所要的东西。例如:一名不能克制奖金You惑的参赛者可能会服用兴奋剂。而绝望的参赛者眼Zhong只有奖金,这可能会导致不良的行为。  依Wo看,解决的办法是对参赛者进行道德教育。这会有Zhu于参赛者理解“友谊第一,比赛第二”的口号。这Yang,奖金会在任何比赛中旗更好的作用。总的来说,Wo认为,奖金是好事。  Are Prizes a Good Thing?  There is no denying the fact that competitions with prizes can bri ng people’s initiative into full play. Encouraged by a strong desire to win a prize, one will go all out to seek his greatest success. In addition, he will make special efforts and resort to effective measures to achieve his purpose. Consequently, the best results will be obtained in game with a wards.  Everything, however, has two sides. The prompting of a prize do es not always lead to desirable results. There are always people who w ould stop at nothing to get what they are greedy for. For example, a co mpetitor who cannot overcome the temptation of prize is likely to take a stimulant. And the hopeless competitor sees nothing but the prize, whic h might cause improper behavior. L et’s have another example ……….  In my opinion, the remedy lies in moral education of competitors, This will help them to understand the slogan:” Friendship –first, and co  Directions: Wealth brings happiness. (Cai富带来幸福). In this part, you are to write within 40  minutes a composition of about 200 words about the “The Relationship b etween Wealth and  Happiness”. You can agree or disagree, completely or partially to the ab ove statement. But  whatever position you take, you should give sound supporting reasons. A t the end of your  composition you are required to draw your own conclusion.  Cai富一直是有些人所渴望的对象。确实,大多数人努Li通过诚实的劳动来获取财富。他  的努力对Zao福社会有好处,同时也促进了他们财富的积累,因Ci也使他们更幸福。  毫无疑问,尤其是在现Dai社会里,财富带来幸福。各种现代化的家用电器、Shi装和娱乐层出不穹、日新月异。这一切使我们的生Huo更为舒适、丰富多彩。因此,没有金钱,我们就无Fa把羡慕变成现实。  但是当财富脱离了幸福,Jiu会产生各种例外。财富可以促使意志薄弱者养成恶Xi,如吸毒或赌博,并导致他们自身的毁灭。此外,Ru果一个人一心追求财富并沉溺于奢侈的生活,他就Hui失去理智、误入岐途。例如,甚至还有一些政府官Yuan利用他们的职位向求助者索贿。所有这些都会产生Cai富的负面效应,如果我们不能正确对待财富的话。  Yi我看,无论如何我们也不能把财富和幸福等同起来。Wo还认为人们永远也不应s://www.pufa5/question/595d7b91758125608.html该只依仗财富去获得幸福。  Wealth has always been what some people long for. It is true that most of them try to acquire wealth by means of honest labour. Their ef forts contribute to the welfare of the society and at the same time to th e accumulation of their wealth, and hence to their happiness.  There is no doubt that wealth brings happiness, especially in the mod ern society. Various kinds of up-to-date household appliances, latest fas hions and recreations make their appearance with each passing day. All this makes our life more comfortable and colourful. Therefore, without money we cannot turn admiration into reality.  But there are exceptions when wealth does not go hand in hand with happiness. Wealth may tempt weak-willed persons to be addicted to h armful habits, such as drug-taking and gambling, and result in their own ruin. Besides, a person may lose his even some government officials who take advantage of their positions to take bribes from the people tu rning to them for help. All these will bring about the negative effect of wealth if we don’t take a proper attitude to it.  In my opinion, on no account can we identify wealth with happiness.  I also believe that one should never reckon only on wealth to achieve happiness .  Directions: In this part, you are to write an essay of about 200 words wi thin 40 minutes. Your composition must be based on the information giv en in the outline below.  Outline:  1. Different opinions on success  2. Ways to achieve success  3. My view on success  Shi么是成功?不同的人对此问题有不同的看法。有些Ren认为,如果一个人能挣许多的钱,他就是成功者。Ling一些人则争辩说,成功意味着高居政府要职。还有Xie人则认为,谁有高级职称,谁就是成功者。可见,Dui成功有截然不同的看法。  要成为成功者,Shou先,你必须有毅力,又勤奋。正如你所知道的,不Guan你做什么事,总有两种可能的结果:成功或失败。Dang你失败时,你不应丧失信心。相反,你应该增强信Xin,并加倍努力。你应始终牢记,毅力是成功之母,Qin奋则是成功的关键。此外,你应注意工作方法。你Ying不断总结经验。提高工作效率。最后你应该和你的Tong事搞好协作,互相帮助,互相关心。如果你遵循这Xie原则,你将来一定能取得成功。  我认为,Cheng功就是在一个人的工作中取得成就,也就是说,对Guo家的发展做出贡献、为人民事业幸福。因此,我的Jie论是,即使你在工作中取得了巨大的进步,你也没You任何理由固步自封。  What Is Success?  What is success? Different people hold views on This question. Som e think that one is successful if he can make a great deal of money. Ot hers argue that success means holding an important government post. S till others believe that whoever has got high academic title is successful. It is clear that there are quite different opinions on success.  In order to become successful, you should first of all be both persev erant and hardworking. As you know, whatever you do, there are always two possible results: success and failure. When you fail, you should ne ver lose heart. On the contrary, you must build up your confidence and work even harder. You should always keep in mind that perseverance is the mother of success and industry is the key to it. In addition, you sh ould pay great attention to your work method. It is necessary for you to sum up your experience constantly and improve the efficiency of your w  ork. Finally, it is important for you to get along well with your co-workers, care for each other and help each other. If you follow these principles, you will certainly achieve remarkable success in the future.  In my opinion, success means achieving brilliant results in one’s wor k, that is, making outstanding contributions to the development of the co untry and bringing happiness to the people. So my conclusion is that ev en if one has made great progress in what he does, I don’t think there’s any reason for him to be conceited.  Directions: Some people believe that private cars should be encouraged in China. Others argue that private cars should be discouraged in China. There has been a controversy recently on the issue in a newspaper in China. Write a letter to the newspaper’s editor to  1. state the present situation of private cars in China  2. offer reasons for or against owning private cars  3. give your own opinion on the issue  Write a letter of about 200 words within 40 minutes. Your letter must be written neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.  Zun敬的先生/女士:  我现在给您写信以表示Wo愿意参加私家车问题的争论并提出我的看法。  Sui着生活水平的迅速提高,越来越多的中国人拥s://www.pufa5/question/595d7b91758125608.html有自Ji的汽车。统计数字表明,仅北京就有162万辆汽Che,其中私家车达到56万辆。汽车数量的增加产生Liao一系列问题,如空气污染、噪音和交通堵塞。这样Jiu引起了一场争论:中国是否应该鼓励私家车?人们Dui这个问题有不同的想法。  许多人反对拥有Qi车。在他们看来,中国必须限止私家车。原因很明Xian。首先,汽车加剧了空气污染。中国的许多大城市Kong气严重污染。如果人们都要拥有私家车,已经污染De大气将变得更脏。其次,私家车可能对中国业已拥Hu的交通状况是一个可怕的威胁。如果更多的汽车开Shang繁华的街道,交通堵塞将会更严重。这对我们大家Lai说是公害。最后,汽车消耗大量燃料。虽然中国拥You丰富的石油资源,但是它们日趋减少。所有这些事Shi只能有一种解决办法:限止日益增长的汽车数量。  Wo的看法是中国不应该鼓励私家车。为把清洁的空气、Kuan阔安全的道路和富饶的石油资源留给子孙后代,我Men对私家车只能说“不”。至于对交通工具的巨大需Qiu,我们可以发展公交系统来代替私家车。总而言之,Zhong国不需要私家车。  如果您需要对这个问题De进一步评论,请速电告。我家的电话号码是6666 1818。Xie谢!  顺致  敬意  王华  Dear Sir or Madam,  I’m writing to you to express my willingness to take part in the controv ersy on private cars and advance my views.  With the living standards rising rapidly, more and more Chinese people have cars of their own. Statistics show that in Beijing alone, there are 1620,000 cars, among which private cars add up to (=number) 560,000. the increase in the number of cars brings about a lot of problems, such as air pollution, noise and traffic congestion. Then a controversy arises: whether private cars should be encouraged in China? People differ in t heir ideas about it.  Many people are against owning cars. According to them, private car s have to be limited in China. The reasons for it are obvious. To begin with, cars contribute to air pollution. A lot of big cities in China are now  plagued by serious air pollution. If people are to have cars of their own, the already contaminated atmosphere will get even dirtier. Secondly, pri vate cars can be a dire threat to the already terrible traffic in China. If more cars are allowed onto busy streets, more traffic jams will happen, which is really a public hazard to all of us. Finally, cars consume a larg e amunt of fuel. Though China is rich in its oil resources, they are runni ng out rapidly. All these facts allow of only one solution: to limit the eve r growing number of cars.  In my opinion, private cars should be discouraged in China. To leave clean air, wide and safe roads and abundant energy resources to our de scendants, we have to say “No” to private cars. As far as the gr eat de mand for means of transport is concerned, we can develop mass transit to take the place of private cars. In short, China does not need private cars.  If you require any further comment on the issue, please don’t hesitate to call me up. My home number is 66661818.  Thanks.  Yours sincerely  Directions : In this part, you are to write an essay on “Opportunity a nd Success “. You should write about 200 words within 40 minutes on ANSWER SHEET2. Your essay should be based on the following outline:  1.Contingency (Ou然性) of opportunity  2.Relationship Between opportunity and success  3.My view on opportunity  Ji不可失,时不再来。机遇常常悄然而去。因此,奉Quan诸君珍惜机遇,谨慎处之。  每当机遇降临,Ban之而来的是成功的希望,但是机遇不能自行实现成Gong。假如你要取得成就或要实现你的雄心壮志,你必Xu努力工作、艰苦奋斗、准备好条件。否则,机遇来Lin时你却无法利用。显然,为了能够完全适应我们未Lai的工作,我们必须做好一切可能的准备。  Cheng功者与失败者之间的区别就在于处理机遇的态度。Cheng功者做好充分准备迎接机遇的适时来临,而失败者Gong作懒散,眼看着机遇悄然而过。可见,两种不同的Dui待机遇的态度导致了截然不同的后果。  我De观点时,在我们的社会里人人都有许多机遇,但是Zhi有那些做好充分准备并且高度称职的人才能利s://www.pufa5/question/595d7b91758125608.html用机Yu达到自己目的。  Opportunities don’t come often. They come every once in a while. V ery often, they come quietly and go by without being noticed. Therefore, it is advisable that you should value and treat them with care.  When an opportunity presents itself, it brings a promise but never re alizes it on its own. If you want to achieve something or intend to fulfill one of your ambitions you must work hard, make efforts and get prepar ed. Otherwise, you will take no advantage of opportunities when they co me to visit you. It is clear that in order to be highly qualified for out futu re jobs, we should make every possible preparation.  The difference between a man who succeeds and one who does no t lies only in the way each treats opportunities. The successful person al ways makes adequate preparations to meet opportunities as they duly ar rive. The unsuccessful person, on the other hand, works little and just w aits to see them pass by. Obviously, the two different attitudes towards opportunities may lead to quite different consequences.  In my opinion, there are plenty of opportunities for everyone in our society, in our society, but only those who are prepared adequately and qualified highly can make use of them to achieve their purpose. (208 words  Xian在许多人愿意乘飞机旅行。随着我国民航事业的迅Su发展,全国各大城市兴建了许多现代化的机场。乘Fei机旅行有许多长处(方便、快捷、省时、舒适等);Dan是,空中旅行也有许多不足之处(机票价格贵,有De旅客不适应空中旅行,常常感到身体不适,甚至有Ren还担心发生空难)。请你简单阐述上述两个方面。Zui后请你说明你的看法。  (Composition for reference only )  Many people prefer to travel by air. This is because air travel has so me advantages. In the first place, airplane, the miracle created by man, is the fastest means of transport. It takes the least time for one to trave l by air from one place to another. Secondly, traveling by air is conveni ent and comfortable. Friendly air hostesses are affectionate and consider ate. They look after passengers all the way to their destinations. Moreov er, on long distance flights there are films and music for people to enter tain themselves.  As a popular saying goes, “Everything has two sides.” The same is true of air travel. It has some disadvantages, too. For one thing, air trav el costs a great deal. The average Chinese are not rich enough to affor d expensive air fares. So they prefer to take trains, which save a lot of money. For another, although passengers are assured of their safety, th ey are still worried about it during the journey because flying always inv olves more or less risk.  As far I am concerned, the advantage mentioned above exceed the disadvantages. If I were given choice between traveling by train, I would certainly prefer the former. For me, time is money and it is the most i mportant thing I have to take into consideration whatever I do. (216 wor ds)

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