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2019-10-09来源:本站编辑

作文一:《英语作文万能句子精选 》92700字

  英语作文万能句子精选  (一)Duan首句  1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。Yi些人认为……  There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____.  2. Su话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,Ji使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。  There is an old saying______. It  3. Xian在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。Shou先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____ Second,____. What makes things worse is that______.  4. Xian在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另Wai(而且)……。  Nowadays,it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______. Besides,______.  5. Ren何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。它既有有利De一面,也有不利的一面。  Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages.  6. Guan于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,Zai他们看来,……  People’s opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them,_____.  7. Ren类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越Lai越严重。  Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.  8. ……Yi成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,Jiang引发激烈的辩论。  ______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.  9. ……Zai我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我Men带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。  ______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.  10. Gen据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/Tiao形图/成形图可以看出……。很显然……,但是为Shi么呢?  According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______ while. Obviously,______,but why?  (Er)中间段落句  1. 相反,有一些人赞成……,Ta们相信……,而且,他们认为……。  On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time,they say____.  2. Dan是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。Zui糟糕的是……。  But I don  3. ……Dui我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非Chang重要的。首先,……。而且……,最重要的是……  ______is necessary and important to our country  4. You几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……。  There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can______  5. Mian临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。Yi方面……,另一方面,  Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective measures to______. For one thing,______For another,______  6. Zao就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……。所有Zhe些方法肯定会……。  It is high time that something was done about it. For example. _____.In addition. _____.All these measures will certainly______.  7. Wei什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;Di三个原因是……。总的来说,……的主要原因是由Yu……  Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.The third is ______.For all this, the main cause of ______due to ______.  8. Ran而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也You它的不利的一面,象……。  However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______.  9. Jin管如此,我相信……更有利。  Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous.  10. Wan全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:  I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______.  (San)结尾句  1. 至于我,在某种程度上我Tong意后面的观点,我认为……  As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that ____.  2. Zong而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只You这样,我们才能在将来……。  In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______.Only in this way can ______in the future.  3. Dan是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例Ru,……,而……。然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾Xiang于(喜欢)……  But ______and ______have their own advantages. For example, _____, while_____. Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to______.  4. Jiu我个人而言,我相信……,因此,我坚信美好的未Lai正等着我们。因为……  Personally, I believe that_____. Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaitin g us because______. 5. Sui着社会的发展,……。因此,迫切需要……。如果Mei个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将Yao变得越来越好。  With the development of society, ______.So it  6. Zhi于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为……更合理。Zhi有这样,我们才能……  For my part, I think it reasonable to_____. Only in this way can you _____.  7. Dui我来说,我认为有必要……。原因如下:第一,……;Di二,……;最后……但同样重要的是……In my opinion, I think it necessary to____. The reasons are as follows. First _____.Second ______. Last but not least,______.  8. Zai总体上很难说……是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度Shang取决于……的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现……。  It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of______. However, from a personal point of view find______.  9. Zong上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……  From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that____.  10. Ru果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋Shi,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们Ying该做的是……  If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is_____.  Ying语作文万能模板  一、英语书信的常见写作Mo板  开头部分:  How nice to hear from you again.  Let me tell you something about the activity.  I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th.  I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit.  I’m writing to thank you for your help during my stay in America.  Jie尾部分:  With best wishes.  I’m looking forward to your reply.  I’d appreciate it if you could reply earlier.  Er、口头通知常见写作模板  呼语及开场白部Fen:  Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make.  Zheng文部分:  All the teachers and students are required to attend it.  Please take your notebooks and make notes.  Please listen carefully and we’ll have a discussion in groups.  Please come on time and don’t be late.  Jie束语部分:  Please come and join in it.  Everybody is welcome to attend it.  I hope you’ll have a nice time here.  That’s all. Thank you.  San、议论文模板  1.正反观点式议论文模板  Dao入:  第1段:Recently we’ve had a discussion about whether we should... (Dao入话题)  Our opinions are divided on this topic.(Guan点有分歧)  正文:  第2段:Most of the students are in favour of it.(Zheng方观点)  Here are the reasons. First... Second... Finally...(Lie出2~3个赞成的理由)  第3段:However, the others are strongly against it. (Fan方观点)  Their reasons are as follows. In the first place... What’s more... In addition...(Lie出2~3个反对的理由)  结论:  Di4段:Personally speaking, the advantages overweigh the disadvantages, for it will do us more harm than good, so I support it.(Ge人观点)オ  2.“A或者B”类议论文模Ban:  导入:  第1段:Some people hold the opinion that A is superior to B in many ways. Others, however, argue that B is much better. Personally, I would prefer A because I think A has more advantages.  Zheng文:  第2段:There are many reasons why I prefer A. The main reason is that ... Another reason is that...(Zan同A的原因)  第3段: Of course, B also has advantages to some extent... (Lie出1~2个B的优势)  结论:  第4Duan: But if all these factors are considered, A is much better than B. From what has been discussed above, we may finally draw the conclusion that ...(De出结论) オ  3.观点论述类议论文模板:  Dao入:  第1段:提出一种现象或某个决定作Wei议论的话题  As a student, I am strongly in favour of the decision. (Liang明自己的观点是赞成还是反对)  The reasons for this may be listed as follows. (Guo渡句,承上启下)  正文:  第2段:First of all... Secondly... Besides...(Lie出2~3个赞成或反对的理由)  结论:  Di3段:In conclusion, I believe that... (Zhao应第1段,构成  4.  导入:  Di1段:提出一种现象或某种困难作为议论的话题  Zheng文:  第2段:Many ways can help to solve this serious problem, but the following may be most effective. First of all... Another way to solve the problem is ... Finally...(Lie出2~3个解决此类问题的办法)  结论:  Di3段:These are not the best but the only two/ three measures we can take. But it should be noted that we should take action to...(Qiang调解决此类问题的根本方法)  四、图表作Wen写作模板  The chart gives us an overall picture of the Tu表主题. The first thing we notice is that Tu表最大特点. This means that as (Jin一步说明).  We can see from the statistics given that Tu表细节一. After 动词-ing 细节一Zhong的第一个变化,the动词-ed+幅度+时间(Jin跟着的变化) . The figures also tell us thatTu表细节二. In the column, we can see that accounts for (Jin一步描述).  Judging from these figures, we can draw the conclusion that (Jie论). The reason for this, as far as I am concerned is that (Gei出原因). / It is high time that we (Fa出倡议).  五、图画类写作模板:  1.Kai头  Look at this picture./The picture shows that.../From this picture, we can see.../As is shown in the picture.../As is seen in the picture...  2.Xian接句  As we all know, .../As is known to all,.../It is well known that.../In my opinion,.../As far as I am concerned,.../This sight reminds me of something in my daily life.  3.Jie尾句  In conclusion.../In brief.../On the whole.../In short.../In a word.../Generally speaking.../As has been stated...  Gao考英语作文开头万能公式  1.开头万能公Shi一:名人名言  有人问了,“我没有记住名Yan,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编!  Yuan理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我Men欣赏的文章也是,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来Hen有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧?  Jing典句型:  a prober  b says, “you are only young once.”(Shi用于已记住的名言)  it goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (Shi用于自编名言)  更多经典句型:as everyone knows, no one can deny that…  2.Kai头万能公式二:数字统计  原理:要想更有Shuo服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。  原则Shang在议论文当中十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考Shi的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东Xi写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型:  according to a recent survey, about 78.9%of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.  Kan起来这个数字文邹邹的,其实都是编造出来的,下Mian随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造: travel by bike  Gen据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离Lv行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。youth  Gen据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的Ke余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。five-day work week better than six-day work?  Gen据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周Wu天工作日。  3. 开头万能公式三:比较Zheng统的语法句子  让老师产生一种你英语学得Hen好的错觉这样高分作文更不是问题。  As time goes by,.....Sui着时间的流逝  There is no doubt that...Hao无疑问...  As far as I'm concerned, I think....Jiu我而言,我认为...  It is said that...Ju说...  Two heads are better than one.San个臭皮匠,顶个诸葛亮。  It is ...that...Qiang调句  It is important for sb to do sth.  there beJu型  Compared with A, B is more ...YuA相比,B更...  in my opinion Zai我看来  It is high time that we did sth.Shi我们做..的时候了。  Only in this way, can wei solve this problem properly.Zhi有这样我们才能妥善解决这个问题。sth is so...that...Ru此..以至于..  not only ...,but also...Bu仅...而且...  To be honest To tell the truth Lao实说来  too..to 太..以至于不Neng..  On one hand,..on the other hand,..Yi方面..另一方面...  高考必背常用短Yu  1. a big headache令Ren头痛的事情  2. a fraction of Yi部分  3. a matter of concern Jiao点  4. a series of 一系Lie,一连串  above all 首先,尤Qi是  5. absent from不在,Que席  6. abundant in富于  7. account for Jie释  8. accuse sb. of sth.Kong告  9. add to增加(add up to)  10. after all Bi竟,究竟  11. agree withTong意  12. ahead of time / scheduleTi前  13. ahead of 在...Zhi前(ahead of time 提前)  14. alien toYu...相反  15. all at once Tu然,同时  16. all but 几乎;Chu了...都  17. all of a sudden Tu然  18. all over again Zai一次,重新  19. all over Bian及20. all right 令人满意的;可Yi  21. all the same 仍Ran,照样的  22. all the time Yi直,始终  23. angry with sb. at/about sth.Sheng气,愤怒  24. anxious about/forYou虑,担心  25. anything but Gen本不  26. apart from 除...Wai(有/无)  27. appeal to Xi引,申诉,请求  28. applicable toShi用于  29. apply to适用  30. appropriate for/toShi当,合适  31. approximate toJin似,接近  32. apt at聪明,善Yu  33. apt to易于  34. around the clockYe以继日  35. as a matter of fact Shi际上  36. as a result(of) Yin此,由于  37. as a rule Tong常,照例  38. as far as ...be concerned Jiu...而言  39. as far as Yuan至,到...程度  40. as follows Ru下  41. as for 至于,关于  42. as good as He...几乎一样  43. as if 好Xiang,防腐  44. as regards Guan于,至于  45. as to 至于,关Yu  46. as usual 像平常一样,Zhao例  47. as well as 除...Wai(也),即...又  48. as well Tong样,也,还  49. ashamed ofXiu愧,害臊  50. aside from Chu...外(还有)  51. ask for the moonYi想天开  52. at a loss 茫Ran,不知所措  53. at a time Yi次,每次  54. at all costs Bu惜一切代价  55. at all events Bu管怎样,无论如何  56. at all times Sui时,总是  57. at all 丝毫(Bu),一点也不  58. at any rate Wu论如何,至少  59. at best Chong其量,至多  60. at first sight Zha一看,初看起来  61. at first Zui初,起先  62. at hand 在手Bian,在附近  63. at heart 内Xin里,本质上  64. at home 在Jia,在国内  65. at intervals Bu时,每隔...  66. at large Da多数,未被捕获的  67. at last Zhong于  68. at least 至少  69. at length Zui终,终于  70. at most 至多,Bu超过  71. at no time 从Bu,决不  72. at one time Zeng经,一度;同时  73. at present Mu前,现在  74. at someone's disposal Ren...处理  75. at the cost of Yi...为代价  76. at the mercy of Ren凭...摆布  77. at the moment Ci刻,目前  78. at this rate Zhao此速度  79. at times 有时,Jian或  80. aware of意识到  81. back and forth Lai回地,反复地  82. back of Zai...后面  83. back up后备,Zhi援  84. bare of几乎没有,缺Fa  85. be able to do能Gou  86. be around差不多  87. be available to sb.Ke用,可供88. be bound to一定  89. be capable of doingNeng够  90. be concerned with Guan心…,涉足…  91. be dying toKe望  92. be fed up withShou够了be tired of  93. be in hospital Zhu院  94. be in season Shang市的/in peak season旺季  95. be in the mood to do sth. Xiang做  96. be pressed for timeShi间不够  97. be tied up withMang于  98. be under the weather Shen体不好  99. beat around the bush Guai弯没角  100. beat the crowd Bi开人群  101. before long Bu久以后  102. behind schedule Wu点  103. bent on sth. Xia定决心做…  104. beside point Li题的,不相干的  105. beyond one's abilityChao越某人的能力106. beyond question Hao无疑问  107. book on reserve Xu留的图书  108. booked up Ding完了  109. bound for开往  110. break downPao锚  111. break thoughTu破  112. break up withHe某人分手  be through with / be finished with  113. bring about Shi…发生  114. bring someone up to dateBang某人赶上help someone catch up  115. by accident Ou然  116. by air 通过航空途Jing  117. by all means Jin一切办法,务必  118. by and by Bu久,迟早  119. by chance Ou然,碰巧  120. by far 最,...De多  121. by hand 用手,用Ti力  122. by itself 自动Di,独自地  123. by means of Yong,依靠  124. by mistake Cuo误地,无意地  125. by no means Jue不,并没有  126. by oneself Dan独地,独自地  127. by reason of You于  128. by the way 顺Bian说说  129. by virtue of Jie助,由于  130. by way of Jing由,通过...方法  131. call offQu消  132. call on号召,邀请,Dian某人的名,拜访  133. capable ofNeng够  134. careful of/about/withXiao心,注意  135. certain of /aboutQue信,肯定  136. chair a meeting Zhu持会议  137. charge sb. with sth.Kong告  138. clear of没有,不Jie触  139. clever at善于  140. close toJie近,亲近  141. come in contact with Yu…取得联系  142. come out of sth. aliveDa难不死  143. come up (with)Ti出,拿出  144. comparable to/withBi作/比较  145. conscious ofCha觉到,意识到  146. consequent onSui之而来  147. considerate towardsTi谅,体贴  148. contemporary withYu...同时代  149. content withMan足于  150. contrary toWei反  151. adequate a. Shi当地;足够  152. adhere vi. Zhan附,附着;遵守,坚持  153. ban vt. Qu缔,禁止  154. capture vt. Fu虏,捕获  155. valid a. You效的,有根据的;正当的  156. valley n. Shan谷,峡谷  157. consistent a. Jian固定;一致的,始终如一的158. continuous a. Ji续的,连续(不断)的  159. continual a. Bu断地,频繁的  160. explode v. Bao炸;爆发;激增  161. exploit v. Bao削;利用,开采  162. explore v. Kan探  163. explosion n. Bao炸;爆发;激增  164. explosive a. Bao炸的;极易引起争论的  165. remote a. Yao远的,偏僻的  166. removal n. Chu去,消除  167. render vt. Shi得,致使  167. render vt.Cheng递, 归还, 着色, 汇报, 致使, 放弃,  Biao演, 实施vi.给予补偿n.交纳, 粉刷, Da底168. precaution n. 预防,Fang备,警惕  169. idle a. 懒San的,无所事事的  170. identify vt. Ren出,鉴定  171. identify n. Shen份;个性,特性  172. poverty n. Pin穷  173. resistant a. (to)Di抗的,抗...的,耐...的  174. resolve vt. Jie决;决定,决意  175. barrel n. Tong  176. bargain n. 便宜Huovi. 讨价还价177. coarse a. Cu的,粗糙的,粗劣的  178. coach n. Jiao练;长途公共汽车  179. code n. Zhun则,法规,密码  180. coil n. Xian圈v. 卷,盘绕  181. adult n. Cheng年人  182. advertise v. Wei...做广告  183. advertisement n. Guang告  184. agency n. 代理Shang,经销商  185. focus v. (Shi)聚集n. 焦点,中心,聚焦186. forbid vt. Bu许,禁止  187. debate n./v. Bian论,争论  188. debt n. 欠Zhai  189. decade n. 十年  190. enclose vt. Wei住;把...装入信封  191. encounter vt./n. Zao遇,遭到  192. globe n. Di球,世界;地球仪  193. global a. Quan球的;总的  194. scan vt. Xi看;扫描;浏览  195. scandal n. Chou事,丑闻  196. significance n. Yi义;重要性  197. subsequent a. Sui后的,后来的  198. virtue n. Mei德,优点  199. virtual a. Shi际上的,事实上的  200. orient vt. Shi适应,(to,toward)使朝向n. 东方201. portion n. Yi部分  202. target n. 目Biao,靶子vt. 瞄准  203. portable a. Shou提式的  204. decline v. Ju绝,谢绝;下降  205. illusion n. Cuo觉  206. likelihood n. Ke能,可能性  207. stripe n. Tiao纹  208. emphasize vt. Qiang调,着重  209. emotion n. Qing感,感情  210. emotional a. Gan情的,情绪(上)的  211. awful a. Ji坏的,威严的,可怕的  212. awkward a. Ben拙的,棘手的  213. clue n. Xian索,提示  214. collision n. Peng撞,冲突  215. device n. Zhuang置,设备  216. devise vt. Fa明,策划,想出  217. inevitable a. Bu可避免的  218. naval a. Hai军的  219. navigation n. Hang行  220. necessity n. Bi需品;必要性  221. previous a. Xian,前,以前的  222. provision n. [pl.]Gei养,口粮;准备,设备,装置223. pursue vt. Zhui逐;追求;从事,进行  224. stale a. Bu新鲜的,陈腐的  225. substitute n. Dai用品vt. 代替  226. deserve vt. Ying受,应得,值得  227. discrimination n. Qi视;辨别力  228. professional a. Zhi业的,专门的  229. secure a. An全的,可靠的  230. security n. An全,保障  231. scratch v./n. Zhua,搔,扒  232. talent n. Cai能,天资;人才  233. insurance n. Bao险,保险费  234. insure vt. Gei...保险,保证,确保  235. nevertheless ad. Reng然,然而,不过  236. neutral a. Zhong立的,中性的  237. spot n. Di点;斑点vt. 认出,发现;玷污238. spray v. Pen,(使)溅散  239. medium a. Zhong等的,适中的n. 媒介物,新闻媒介  240. media n. Xin闻传媒  241. auxiliary a. Fu助的,备用的  242. automatic a. Zi动的  243. compete vi. Jing争,比赛  244. competent a. You能力的,能胜任的  245. competition n. Jing争,比赛  246. distribute vt. Fen发  247. disturb vt. Da搅,妨碍  248. infer v. Tui论,推断  249. integrate v.(Shi)成为一体,(使)合并250. moist a. Chao湿  251. hold out for sth. Jian持要求  252. hold up坚持  253. hold waterZhan得住脚  254. how about ...Zen么样  255. how come怎么会  256. hungry forKe望  257. ignorant of不Zhi道  258. impatient at sth.Bu耐烦  259. impatient forJi切,渴望  260. impatient ofWu法容忍  261. in (the)light of Jian于,由于  262. in a hurry Cong忙,急于  263. in a moment Li刻,一会儿  264. in a sense Cong某种意义上说  265. in a way Zai某种程度上  266. in a word Jian言之,总之  267. in accordance with Yu...一致,按照  268. in addition to Chu...之外(还)  269. in addition Ling外,加之270. in advance 预先,Shi先  271. in all 总共,合计  272. in any case Wu论如何  273. in any event Wu论如何  274. in brief 简Dan地说  275. in case of Jia如,防备  276. in charge of Fu责,总管  277. in common Gong用的,共有的278. in consequence(of) Yin此;由于279. in debt 欠债,欠情  280. in detail Xiang细地  281. in difficulty Chu境困难  282. in effect Shi际上,事实上283. in favor of Zhi持,赞成  284. in front of Mian对,在...前  285. in general Yi般来说,大体上286. in half 成两Ban  287. in hand 在进行中,Dai办理288. in honor of 为庆祝,Wei纪念289. in itself 本质上,就Qi本身而言290. in line with Yu...一致  291. in memory of Ji念  292. in no case 决Bu  293. in no time 立即,Ma上  294. in no way 决不  295. in order An顺序,按次序296. in other words Huan句话说297. in part 部分地  298. in particular Te别,尤其299. in person 亲自,Ben人  300. in place of Dai替,取代,交换301. in place 在He适的位置302. in practice 在Shi践中,实际上303. in proportion to Yu...成比例304. in public 公Kai地,当众  305. in quantity Da量  306. in question Zheng在谈论的307. in regard to Guan于,至于  308. in relation to Guan于,涉及309. in return for Zuo为对...报答310. in return Zuo为报答/回报/交换311. in short Jian言之,总之  312. in sight Bei见到;在望  313. in spite of Jin管  314. in step with Yu...一致/协调315. in tears Liu着泪,在哭着316. in terms of  317. in the company / wake ofSui着  318. in the course of Zai...期间/过程中  319. in the distance Zai远处  320. in the end Zui后,终于  321. in the event of Ru果...发生,万一  322. in the face of Ji使;在...面前  323. in the first place Shou先  324. in the future Zai未来  325. in the heat of the day Yi天中最热的时候326. in the least Si毫,一点  327. in the long run Chang期  328. in the way 挡Dao  329. in the world Jiu竟,到底  330. in time 及Shi  331. in touch 联系,接Chu  332. in turn 依次,轮流;Zhuan而  333. in vain 徒劳,白Fei力  334. indifferent toWu兴趣,不关心  335. indignant with sb.Fen慨  336. inferior to级Bie低于,不如  337. innocent ofWu...罪,无辜  338. instead of Dai替,而不是  339. intent onZhuan心于  340. invisible toBu可见的  341. jealous ofJi妒  342. just now 眼下;Gang才  343. keep one's eyes onGuan注  344. keep on爱好,很喜Huan  345. keep track of Liu心  346. kind of / sort ofYou点somewhat  347. lay off Xia岗  348. leave alone别Shuo  349. let the cat out of the bagXie露秘密350. liable for对...You责任  351. liable to易于  352. little by little Zhu渐地  353. look for / hunt for Zhao工作  354. lost the pointNong错  355. lots of 许多  356. loyal toZhong于  357. mad about/onKuang热迷恋  358. mad at/with sb.Sheng气,愤怒  359. mad with因...Fa狂  360. make (both) ends meetShou支平衡  361. make a livingMou生  362. make it成功  363. make the best / most ofChong分利用364. many a 许多  365. mark the papers Pi改考卷  366. mayor / minor in  367. meet one's needsMan足要求  368. might as wellBu妨  369. mistake a for b Ren错  370. more or less Huo多或少,有点371. my treat我请客  372. narrow escapeJiu死一生  373. necessary to /forBi要的  374. next door 隔Bi的,在隔壁  375. next to下Yi个,其次  376. no doubt Wu疑地  377. no less than Bu少于...;不亚于378. no longer Bu再  379. no more than Zhi多,同...一样不380. no more Bu再  381. none other than Bu是别的,正是382. nothing but Zhi有,只不过  383. now and then Shi而,偶尔  384. off and on Duan断续续,间歇地385. off duty 下Ban  386. on (the) one hand Yi方面  387. on a large/small scale Da/小规模地388. on account of You于  389. on behalf of Dai表  390. on board 在船(Che/飞机)上  391. on business Yin公  392. on condition that Ru果  393. on duty 上班,值Ban  394. on earth 究竟,到Di  395. on fire 起火着火  396. on foot Bu行  397. on guard 站岗,Zhi班  398. on hand 在场,在Shou边  399. on loan to借给  400. on occasion(s) You时,间或  401. on one's guard Jing惕,提防  402. on one's own Du立,独自  403. on purpose Gu意地  404. on sale 出售,Lian价出售  405. on schedule An时间表,准时406. on second thoughts Jing重新考虑407. on the contrary Zheng相反  408. on the grounds of Gen据,以...为由409. on the other hand Ling一方面410. on the point of Ji将...的时刻  411. on the road Zai旅途中  412. on the side Zuo为兼职/副业  413. on the spot Zai场;马上  414. on the whole Zong的来说,大体上415. on time 准时  416. on(an/the) average Ping均,通常417. once (and) for all Yi劳永逸地418. once again 再一Ci  419. once in a while Ou尔  420. once more 再一Ci  421. once upon a time Cong前  422. one another Xiang互  423. one's cup of teaXi欢的人/物  424. open to不Xian制,开放的  425. opposite toZai对面  426. or else 否则,Yao不然  427. or so 大约,左右  428. other than Fei;除了  429. out of breath Chuan不过气来  430. out of control Shi去控制  431. out of date Guo时的  432. out of doors Zai户外  433. out of order Chu故障的  434. out of place Bu适当的  435. out of practice Jiu不练习,荒疏436. out of sight Kan不见,在视野外437. out of the question Hao无可能的438. out of touch Bu联系,不接触  439. out of Cong...中;由于;缺乏  440. over and over (again) Yi再地,再三地441. parallel toYu...平等,类似  442. particular aboutTiao剔,讲究  443. patient withYou耐心  444. peculiar toDu特的,独有的  445. pick upJian  446. play by ear见机Xing事  447. popular withShou...喜爱,爱戴  448. prior to Zai...之前  449. pull one's legNa某人开玩笑  put someone on  450. put someone upGei某人提供住宿451. put up withRen受  452. quite a few Xiang当多,不少  453. rain cats and dogsPiao泼大雨  454. rather than Bu是...(而是)  455. reach agreement Da成协议  456. reach an agreementDa成一致457. regardless of Bu顾,不惜  458. relative toYu...有关  459. remove from Cong…除去  460. representative ofDai表...的  461. resign one's post Ci职  462. responsible forFu责,是...原因  463. result from You于  464. rich in富于  465. right away Li即,马上  466. ring sb. up Da电话给…  467. rule out Pai除…的可能性  468. run out ofYong完  469. rush hours上下Ban高峰  470. see: see to it that - make sure thatQue保  471. sensible of觉Cha到  472. sensitive toDui...敏感  473. set another dateGai期make on saturday / lock it 474. set one's mind on doing Jue定  be determined to / have one's mind set on / bent on 475. short ofQue少  476. show off卖弄  477. sick ofYan恶,厌倦  478. side by side Jian并肩,一起  479. similar toXiang似  480. skilled at /inShan于  481. slip one's mind Wang记  482. so far 迄今为止  483. somewhere around Da约  484. sooner or later Chi早,早晚  485. sore throat / foot Sang子哑/腿酸  486. stay up late Ao夜  487. step by step Zhu步地  488. subject to受Zhi于,易于  489. such as 例Ru,诸如  490. sufficient forZu够的  491. suitable for/toShi合于  492. superior toYou于,级别高于  493. sure of /aboutDui...有信心,确信  494. suspicious ofHuai疑  495. take a leaveQing假  496. take a seat / be seated  497. take one's place Qu代  498. take one's timeMan慢来  499. take sth. seriously Ren真对待  500. take up占据  501. thanks to You于,多亏  502. that is (to say) Jiu是说,即  503. the reverse is also true Fan之亦然  504. tired of对...Bu在感兴趣  505. to the point Qie中要害,切题  506. turn over Qing覆  507. typical of是典Xing的,特有的  508. uncertain of /aboutBu确知  509. under control Chu于控制之下  510. under the circumstances Zhe种情况下511. up in the airMei有确定  512. up to date Zai进行中  513. up to 多达;直Dao;胜任;取决于  514. vital toDui...关系重大  515. void ofMei有,缺乏  516. what about Zen么样  517. what if 切合目Qian情况的  518. What's up / new?Fa生了什么事?  519. with regard to Guan于,至于  520. with respect to Ru果...将怎么样  521. with the exception of Chu...之外  522. without any traceMei有踪迹  523. without fail Yi向如此  524. without question Hao无疑问  525. wolf down狼Tun虎咽  526. word for word Zhu字的  高考阅读高频词:  1.alter v. Gai变,改动,变更  2.burst vi.n. Tu然发生,爆裂  3.dispose vi. Chu掉;处置;解决;处理(of)  4.blast n. Bao炸;气流vi. 炸,炸掉  5.consume v. Xiao耗,耗尽  6.split v. 劈开;Ge裂;分裂a.裂开的  7.spit v. Tu(唾液等);唾弃  8.spill v. Yi出,溅出,倒出  9.slip v. 滑Dong,滑落;忽略  10.slide v. Hua动,滑落n. 滑动;滑面;幻灯片  11.bacteria n. Xi菌  12.breed n. 种,品种v. Fan殖,产仔  13.budget n. 预Suanv. 编预算,作安排  14.candidate n. Hou选人  15.campus n. 校园  16.liberal a. Kang慨的;丰富的;自由的  17.transform v. Zhuan变,变革;变换  18.transmit v. Chuan播,播送;传递  19.transplant v. Yi植  20.transport vt. Yun输,运送n. 运输,运输工具  21.shift v. Zhuan移;转动;转变  22.vary v. Bian化,改变;使多样化23.vanish vi. Xiao灭,不见  24.swallow v. Tun下,咽下n. 燕子  25.suspicion n. Huai疑,疑心  26.suspicious a. Huai疑的,可疑的  27.mild a. 温Nuan的,暖和的;温柔的,味淡的  28.tender a. Wen柔的;脆弱的  29.nuisance n. Sun害,妨害,讨厌(的人或事物)  30.insignificant a. Wu意义的,无足轻重的;无价值的  31.accelerate vt. Jia速,促进  32.absolute a. Jue对的,无条件的;完全的  33.boundary n. Fen界线,边界  34.brake n. 刹Che,制动器v. 刹住(车)  35.catalog n. Mu录(册)v. 编目  36.vague a. Mo糊的,不明确的  37.vain n. Tu劳,白费  38.extinct a. Jue灭的,熄灭的  39.extraordinary a. Bu平常的,特别的,非凡的  40.extreme a. Ji度的,极端的n. 极端,过分  41.agent n. Dai理人,代理商;动因,原因  42.alcohol n. Han酒精的饮料,酒精  43.appeal n./vi. Hu吁,恳求  44.appreciate vt. Zhong视,赏识,欣赏  45.approve v. Zan成,同意,批准  46.stimulate vt. Ci激,激励  47.acquire vt. Qu得,获得;学到  48.accomplish vt .Wan成,到达;实行  49work n. Wang状物;广播网,电视网;网络  50.tide n. Chao汐;潮流  51.tidy a. 整洁的,Zheng齐的  52.trace vt. 追踪,Zhao到n. 痕迹,踪迹  53.torture n./vt. Kao打,折磨  54.wander vi. Man游,闲逛  55.wax n. 蜡  56.weave v. Zhi,编  57.preserve v. 保Hu,保存,保持,维持  61. abuse v. Lan用,虐待;谩骂  62. academic a. Xue术的;高等院校的;研究院的  63. academy n. (Gao等)专科院校;学会  64. battery n. Dian池(组)  65. barrier n. Zhang碍;棚栏  66. cargo n. (Chuan、飞机等装载的)货物  67. career n. Sheng涯,职业  68. vessel n. Chuan舶;容器,器皿;血管  69. vertical a. Chui直的  70. oblige v. 迫使,Ze成;使感激  71. obscure a. Yin暗,模糊  72. extent n. Cheng度,范围,大小,限度  73. exterior n. Wai部,外表a. 外部的,外表的  74. external a. Wai部的,外表的,外面的  75. petrol n. Qi油  76. petroleum n. Shi油  77. delay vt./n. Tui迟,延误,耽搁  78. decay vi. Fu烂,腐朽  79. decent a. Xiang样的,体面的  80. route n. Lu;路线;航线  81. ruin v. Hui坏,破坏n. 毁灭,[pl.]废墟  82. sake n. Yuan故,理由  83. satellite n. Wei星  84. scale n. 大小,规Mo;等级;刻度  85. temple n. Miao宇  86. tedious a. 乏味Dao,单调的,  87. tend vi.易Yu,趋向  88. tendency n.Qu向,趋势  89. ultimate a. Ji端的,最大的,最终的n. 极端  90. undergo v. Jing历,遭受  91. abundant a. Feng富的,充裕的,大量的  92. adopt v. Shou养;采用;采纳  93. adapt vi. Shi应,适合;改编,改写vt. 使适应  94. bachelor n. Xue士,学士学位;单身汉  95. casual a. Ou然的,碰巧的;临时的;非正式的  96. trap n. Xian阱,圈套v. 设陷阱捕捉  97. vacant a. Kong的,未占用的  98. vacuum n. Zhen空,真空吸尘器  99. oral a. Kou头的,口述的,口的  100. optics n. (Dan、复数同形)光学  101. organ n. Qi官,风琴  102. excess n. Guo分,过量,过剩  103. expel v. Qu逐,开除,赶出  104. expend v. Xiao费  105. expenditure n. Zhi出,消费;经费  106. expense n. Kai销,费用  107. expensive a. Hua钱多的;价格高贵的  108. expand v. Kuo大,扩张;展开,膨胀  109. expansion n. Kuo大,扩充;发展,膨胀  110. private a. Si人的,个人的  111. individual a. Ge别的,单独的n. 个人,个体112. personal a. Ge人的,私人的;亲自的  114. personnel n. [Zong称]人员,员工;人事部门115. the Pacific Ocean Tai平洋  116. the Atlantic Ocean Da西洋  117. the Arctic Ocean Bei冰洋  118. the Antarctic Ocean Nan冰洋  119. grant vt. 授Yu,同意,准予  119. grand a. Hong伟大,壮丽的,重大的120. invade v. Qin入,侵略,侵袭  121. acid n. Suan,酸性物质a. 酸的;尖刻的  122. acknowledge v. Cheng认;致谢  123. balcony n. Yang台  124. calculate vt. Jis://www.wanmeila/question/ef64531b1d68510295.html算,核算  125. calendar n. Ri历,月历  126. optimistic a. Le观  127. optional a. Ke以任选的,非强制的  128. outstanding a. Jie出的,突出的,显著的  129. export n. Chu口(物)v. 出口,输出  130. import n. Jin口(物)v. 进口,输入  131. impose vt. Ba...加强(on);采用,利用  132. religion n. Zong教,宗教信仰  133. religious a. Zong教的  134. victim n. 牺Sheng品,受害者  135. video n. Dian视,视频a. 电视的,录像的  136. videotape n. Lu像磁带v. 把...录在录像带上137. offend v. Mao犯,触犯  138. bother v. Da搅,麻烦  139. interfere v. Gan涉,干扰,妨碍  140. internal a. Nei部的,国内的  141. beforehand ad. Yu先,事先  142. racial a. Ren种的种族的  143. radiation n. Fang射物,辐射  144. radical a.Gen本的;激进的  145. range n. Fu度,范围v. (在某范围内)变动146. wonder n. Jing奇,奇迹v. 想知道,对...感到疑惑147. isolate vt. Shi隔离,使孤立  148. issue n. Wen题,争论点;发行,(报刊)一期149. hollow a. Kong的,中空的,空虚道  150. hook n. Gouvt. 钩住  151. adequate a. Shi当地;足够  152. adhere vi. Zhan附,附着;遵守,坚持  153. ban vt. Qu缔,禁止  154. capture vt. Fu虏,捕获  155. valid a. You效的,有根据的;正当的  156. valley n. Shan谷,峡谷  157. consistent a. Jian固定;一致的,始终如一的158. continuous a. Ji续的,连续(不断)的  159. continual a. Bu断地,频繁的  160. explode v. Bao炸;爆发;激增  161. exploit v. Bao削;利用,开采  162. explore v. Kan探  163. explosion n. Bao炸;爆发;激增  164. explosive a. Bao炸的;极易引起争论的165. remote a. Yao远的,偏僻的  166. removal n. Chu去,消除  167. render vt. Shi得,致使  167. render vt.Cheng递, 归还, 着色, 汇报, 致使, 放弃,  Biao演, 实施vi.给予补偿n.交纳, 粉刷, Da底168. precaution n. 预防,Fang备,警惕  169. idle a. 懒San的,无所事事的  170. identify vt. Ren出,鉴定  171. identify n. Shen份;个性,特性  172. poverty n. Pin穷  173. resistant a. (to)Di抗的,抗...的,耐...的  174. resolve vt. Jie决;决定,决意  175. barrel n. Tong  176. bargain n. 便宜Huovi. 讨价还价  177. coarse a. Cu的,粗糙的,粗劣的  178. coach n. Jiao练;长途公共汽车  179. code n. Zhun则,法规,密码  180. coil n. Xian圈v. 卷,盘绕  181. adult n. Cheng年人  182. advertise v. Wei...做广告  183. advertisement n. Guang告  184. agency n. 代理Shang,经销商  185. focus v. (Shi)聚集n. 焦点,中心,聚焦186. forbid vt. Bu许,禁止  187. debate n./v. Bian论,争论  188. debt n. 欠Zhai  189. decade n. 十年  190. enclose vt. Wei住;把...装入信封  191. encounter vt./n. Zao遇,遭到  192. globe n. Di球,世界;地球仪  193. global a. Quan球的;总的  194. scan vt. Xi看;扫描;浏览  195. scandal n. Chou事,丑闻  196. significance n. Yi义;重要性  197. subsequent a. Sui后的,后来的  198. virtue n. Mei德,优点  199. virtual a. Shi际上的,事实上的  200. orient vt. Shi适应,(to,toward)使朝向n. 东方201. portion n. Yi部分  202. target n. 目Biao,靶子vt. 瞄准  203. portable a. Shou提式的  204. decline v. Ju绝,谢绝;下降  205. illusion n. Cuo觉  206. likelihood n. Ke能,可能性  207. stripe n. Tiao纹  208. emphasize vt. Qiang调,着重  209. emotion n. Qing感,感情  210. emotional a. Gan情的,情绪(上)的211. awful a. Ji坏的,威严的,可怕的  212. awkward a. Ben拙的,棘手的  213. clue n. Xian索,提示  214. collision n. Peng撞,冲突  215. device n. Zhuang置,设备  216. devise vt. Fa明,策划,想出  217. inevitable a. Bu可避免的  218. naval a. Hai军的  219. navigation n. Hang行  220. necessity n. Bi需品;必要性  221. previous a. Xian,前,以前的  222. provision n. [pl.]Gei养,口粮;准备,设备,装置223. pursue vt. Zhui逐;追求;从事,进行  224. stale a. Bu新鲜的,陈腐的  225. substitute n. Dai用品vt. 代替  226. deserve vt. Ying受,应得,值得  227. discrimination n. Qi视;辨别力  228. professional a. Zhi业的,专门的  229. secure a. An全的,可靠的  230. security n. An全,保障  231. scratch v./n. Zhua,搔,扒  232. talent n. Cai能,天资;人才  233. insurance n. Bao险,保险费  234. insure vt. Gei...保险,保证,确保  235. nevertheless ad. Reng然,然而,不过  236. neutral a. Zhong立的,中性的  237. spot n. Di点;斑点vt. 认出,发现;玷污238. spray v. Pen,(使)溅散  239. medium a. Zhong等的,适中的n. 媒介物,新闻媒介  240. media n. Xin闻传媒  241. auxiliary a. Fu助的,备用的  242. automatic a. Zi动的  243. compete vi. Jing争,比赛  244. competent a. You能力的,能胜任的  245. competition n. Jing争,比赛  246. distribute vt. Fen发  247. disturb vt. Da搅,妨碍  248. infer v. Tui论,推断  249. integrate v.(Shi)成为一体,(使)合并250. moist a. Chao湿  251. moisture n. Chao湿  252. promote vt. Cu进;提升  253. region n. Di区;范围;幅度  254. register v./n.Deng记,注册  255. stable a. Wen定的  256. sophisticated a. Lao于世故的,老练的;很复杂的  257. splendid a. Ji好的,壮丽的,辉煌的  258. cancel vt. Qu消,废除  259. variable a. Yi变的,可变的  260. prospect n. Qian景,前途;景象  261. prosperity n.Xing旺,繁荣  262. aspect n. Fang面;朝向;面貌  263. cope vi. (with)(Cheng功地)应付,处理  264. core n. Guo心,核心  265. maintain vt. Wei持,保持;坚持,主张  266. mainland n. Da陆  267. discipline n. Ji律;惩罚;学科  268. domestic a. Ben国的,国内的;家用的;家庭的269. constant a. Bu变的,恒定的n. 常数  270. cliff n. Xuan崖,峭壁  271. authority n. Quan威;当局  272. audio a. Ting觉  273. attitude n. Tai度  274. community n. She区,社会  275. commit vt.Fan(错误,罪行等),干(坏事等) 276. comment n./vt. Ping论  277. distinguish vt. Qu分,辨别  278. distress n. Tong苦,悲伤vt. 使痛苦  279. facility n. [pl.] She备,设施;便利,方便  280. faculty n.Neng力,技能;系,学科/院;全体教员281. mixture n. Hun合,混合物  282. mood n. Xin情,情绪;语气  283. moral a. Dao德上的,有道德的  284. prominent a. Tu出的  285. substance n. Wu质;实质  286. substantial a. Ke观的;牢固的;实质的287. prompt vt. Cu使a. 敏捷的,及时的  288. vivid a. Sheng动的  289. vocabulary n. Ci汇(量);词汇表  290. venture n. Feng险投资,风险项目v. 冒险;取于291. version n. Ban本,译本;说法  292. waist n. Yao,腰部  293. weld v./n. Han接  294. yawn vi. 打哈欠  295. yield vi. (to)Qu服于;让出,放弃n. 产量296. zone n. Di区,区域  297. strategy n. Zhan略,策略  298. strategic a. Zhan略(上)的,关键的  299. tense a. Jin张的v. 拉紧n. 时态  300. tension n. Jin张(状态),张力  301. avenue n. Lin荫道,大街  302. available a. Xian成可用的;可得到的  303. comparable a. (with,to)Ke比较的,类似的304. comparative a. Bi较的,相对的  305. dash vi. Meng冲,飞奔  306. data n. 数Ju,资料  307. dive vi. 跳Shui,潜水  308. diverse a. Bu同的,多种多样的  309. entitle vt. Gei...权利,给...资格  310. regulate vt. Guan理,调节  311. release vt./n. Shi放,排放;解释解脱312. exaggerate v. Kua大,夸张  313. evil a. 邪E的,坏的  314. shrink vi. Qi皱,收缩;退缩  315. subtract v. Jian(去)  316. suburb n. Shi郊  317. subway n. 地铁  318. survey n./vt. Diao查,勘测  319. wealthy a. Fu裕的  320. adjust v. 调Zheng,调节  321. attach vt. Xi,贴;使附属  322. profit n. Li润,益处;v. 有益于,有利于323. profitable a. You利可图的  324. slope n. Xie坡,斜面  325. reinforce vt. Zeng强,加强  326. reject vt. Ju绝  327. fatal a. 致命的;Zhong大的  328. fate n. 命运  329. humble a. Qian逊的;谦虚的  330. illegal a. Bu合法的,非法的  331. award vt. Shou予,判给n. 奖品,奖金332. aware a. Yi识到  333. column n. 柱,Yuan柱;栏,专栏  334. comedy n. Xi剧  335. dumb a. 哑的;沉Mo的  336. dump vt. 倾卸,Qing倒  337. deaf a. 聋的;不Yuan听的  338. decorate vt. Zhuang饰,装璜  339. principal a. Zui重要的n. 负责人,校长340. principle n. Yuan则,原理  341. prior a. You先的,在前的  342. priority n. You先,重点  343. prohibit vt. Jin止,不准  344. remarkable a. Zhi得注意的,异常的,非凡的345. remedy n./vt. Bu救,医治,治疗  346. repetition n. Zhong复,反复  347. vain a. 徒Lao的,无效的  348. undertake vt. Cheng担,着手做;同意,答应349. unique a. Wei一的,独特的  350. obstacle n. Zhang碍(物),妨碍  351. odd a. Qi特的,古怪的;奇数的  352. omit vt. Sheng略  353. opponent n. Di手,对手  354. opportunity n. Ji会,时机  355. orchestra n. Guan弦乐队  356. semester n. Xue期;半年  357. semiconductor n. Ban导体  358. seminar n. Yan讨会  359. terminal a. Mo端的,极限的n. 终点360. territory n. Ling土  361. approximate a. Da概的,大约v. 近似362. arbitrary a. Sui意的,未断的  363. architect n. Jian筑师  364. architecture n. Jian筑学  365. biology n. Sheng物学  366. geography n. Di理(学)  367. geology n. Di质学  368. geometry n. Ji何(学)  369. arithmetic n. Suan术  370. algebra n. 代Shu  371. entertainment n. Yu乐;招待,款待  372. enthusiasm n. Re情,热心  373. entry n. Jin入,入口处;参赛的人(或物) 374. environment n. Huan境  375. episode n. 插Qu,片段  376. equation n. Fang程(式)  377. restrain vt. Zus://www.wanmeila/question/ef64531b1d68510295.html止,抑制  378. restraint n. Yi制,限制  379. resume v. (Zhong断后)重新开始  380. severe a. Yan重的  381. sexual a. 性De  382. simplicity n. Jian单;朴素  383. simplify vt. Jian化  384. sorrow n. 悲哀,Bei痛  385. stuff n. 原料,Cai料vt. 填进,塞满  386. temporary a. Zan时的,临时的  387. temptation n. You惑,引诱  388. terror n. Kong怖  389. thrust v. 挤,Tui,插  390. treaty n. 条Yue,协定  391. arise vi. Chan生,出现,发生;起身  392. arouse vt. Yin起,激起;唤醒  393. burden n. Zhong担,负荷  394. bureau n. Ju,办事处  395. marvelous a. Qi迹般的,惊人的  396. massive a. Da的,大量的,大块的  397. mature a. Cheng熟的398. maximum a. 最高的,Zui大的  399. minimum a. Zui低的,最小的  400. nonsense n. Hu说,冒失的行动  401. nuclear a. He子的,核能的  402. nucleus n. He  403. retail n./v./ad. Ling售  404. retain vt. 保Liu,保持  405. restrict vt. Xian制,约束  406. sponsor n. Fa起者,主办者vt. 发起,主办,资助407. spur n./vt. Ci激,激励  408. triumph n. Sheng利,成功  409. tuition n. Xue费  410. twist vt. 使缠Rao;转动;扭歪  411. undergraduate n. Da学肄业生  412. universal a. Pu遍的,通用的;宇宙的  413. universe n. Yu宙  414. via prep. 经由,Jing过,通过  415. vibrate v. s://www.wanmeila/question/ef64531b1d68510295.htmlZhen动,摇摆  416. virus n. Bing毒  417. voluntary a. Zi愿的  418. volunteer n. Zhi愿者v. 自愿(做)  419. vote v. Xuan举n. 选票  420. wagon n. Si轮马车,铁路货车  421. appoint vt. Ren命,委派  422. approach v. Kao近,接近n. 途径,方式  423. appropriate a. Shi当的  424. bunch n. 群,Huo;束,串  425. bundle n. Kun,包,束vt. 收集,归拢  426. ceremony n. Dian礼,仪式  427. chaos n. Hun乱,紊乱  428. discount n. (Jia格)折扣  429. display n./vt. Chen列,展览  430. equivalent a. Xiang等的 a. 相等物  431. erect a. Shu直的v. 建造,竖立  432. fax n./vt. Chuan真  433. fertile a. 肥Wo的;多产的  434. fertilizer n. Fei料  435. grateful a. Gan激的  436. gratitude n. Gan激  437. horror n. 恐怖  438. horrible a. Ke怕的  439. Internet n. Guo际互联网,因特网  440. interpret v. Fan译,解释  441. interpretation n. Jie释,说明  442. jungle n. Cong林,密林  443. knot n. 结vt. Ba...打成结  444. leak v. Lou,渗出  445. lean vi. 倾Xie,倚,靠  446. leap vi. Tiao跃  447. modify vt. 修Gai  448. nylon n. 尼龙  449. onion n. Yang葱  450. powder n. 粉末  451. applicable a. Ke应用的,适当的  452. applicant n. Shen请人  453. breadth n. Kuan度  454. conservation n. Bao存,保护  455. conservative a. Bao守的  456. parallel n. Ping行线;可相比拟的事物457. passion n. Ji情,热情  458. passive a. Bei动的,消极的  459. pat v./n. Qing拍,轻打  460. peak n. 山Feng,顶点  461. phenomenon n. Xian象  462. reluctant a. Bu情愿的,勉强的  463. rely vi. (on ,upon)Yi赖,指望  464. relevant a. You关的,切题的  465. reliable a. Ke靠的  466. relief n. 轻Song,宽慰;减轻  467. reputation n. Ming气,声誉  468. rescue vt./n. Ying救  469. triangle n. San角(形)  470. sequence n. Lian续;顺序  471. shallow a. Qian的  472. shiver vi/n. Fa抖  473. shrug v./n. Song肩  474. signature n. Qian名  475. sincere a. 诚Zhi的,真诚的  476. utility n. Gong用,效用  477. utilize vt. Li用  478. utter vt. 说出a. Wan全的,彻底的479. variation n. Bian化,变动  480. vehicle n. Jiao通工具,车辆  481. applause n. Gu掌,掌声  482. appliance n. Qi具,器械  483. consent n. Zhun许,同意vi (to)准许,同意484. conquer vt. Zheng服  485. defect n. 缺点,Que陷  486. delicate a. Yi碎的;娇弱的;精美的487. evolve v.Yan变  488. evolution n. Yan变,进化  489. frown v./n. Zhou眉  490. frustrate vt. Shi沮丧  491. guarantee vt./n. Bao证492. guilty a. 内疚的;有罪De  493. jealous a. 妒忌De  494. jeans n. 牛仔裤  495. liquor n. Jiu,烈性酒  496.liter/litre n. Sheng  497. modest a. 谦虚道  498. molecule n. Fen子  499. orbit n. 轨道v. (Rao...)作轨道运行500. participate v. (in)Can与,参加  501. particle n. Wei粒  502. particularly ad. Te别,尤其  503. respond vi. Hui答,答复;反应  504. response n. Hui答,答复;反应  505. sensible a. Ming智的  506. sensitive a. Min感到,灵敏的  507. tremble vi. Chan抖  508. tremendous a. Ju大的;精彩的509. trend n. 趋向,Qing向  510. trial n. 审讯;Shi验  511. apparent a. Xian然的,明白的  512. appetite n. Wei口;欲望  513. deposit n. Cun款,定金v.存放,储蓄514. deputy n. Fu职,代表  515. derive vt. Qu得,得到;(from)起源于516. descend v. Xia来,下降  517. missile n. Dao弹  518. mission n. 使Ming;代表团  519. mist n.薄雾  520. noticeable a. Xian而易见到  521. notify vt. Tong知,告知  522. notion n. Gai念;意图,想法  523. resemble vt. Xiang,类似于  524. reveal vt. Jie露  525. revenue n. 收Ru,岁入;税收  526. shelter n. Yan蔽处;住所  527. shield n. Fang护物,盾vt. 保护,防护528. vital a. Zhong要的;致命的,生命的529. vitally ad. Ji度,非常;致命地530. urban a. Cheng市的  531. urge vt. 鼓励,Ji励  532. urgent a. 急迫De,紧急得  533. usage n. Shi用,用法  534. violence n. Qiang力,暴力  535. violent a. Qiang暴的  536. violet a. 紫Se的  537. weed n. 杂草,野Cao  538. welfare n. 福利  539. whatsoever ad. (Yong于否定句)任何540. whereas conj. Ran而,但是,尽管  541. essential a. Bi不可少的;本质的542. estimate n./vt. Gu计,估量  543. evaluate vt. Ping估,评价  544. exceed vt. Chao过,越出  545. exceedingly ad. Fei常,极其  546. exclaim v. Hu喊,大声说  547. exclude vt. Ba...排斥在外,不包括548. exclusive a. Du有的,排他的  549. excursion n. Yuan足  550. flash vi. 闪光,Shan耀  551. flee vi. 逃走  552. flexible a. Yi弯曲的  553. flock n. 羊Qun,(鸟兽等)一群;一伙人554. hardware n. Wu金器具  555. harmony n. He谐,融洽  556. haste n. Ji速,急忙  557. hatred n. Zeng恶,憎恨  558. incident n. Shi件,事变  559. index n. Suo引,标志  560. infant n. Ying儿  561. infect v. 传染  562. inferior a. Lie等的,次的,下级的  563. infinite a. Wu限的  564. ingredient n. Zu成部分  565. inhabitant n. Ju民  566. jail n. 监狱  567. jam n. Guo酱;拥挤,堵塞  568. jewel n. Bao石  569. joint a.连接的;Gong同的  570. junior a. 年Shao的;资历较浅的  571. laser n. Ji光  572. launch vt. 发Dong,发起  573. luxury n. She侈;奢侈品  574. magnet n. Ci铁,磁体  575. male a. 男Xing的,雄的  576. female a. Nv性的,雌的  577. manual a. Yong手的,手工做的n. 手册578. manufacture vt./n. Zhi造,加工  579. marine a. Hai的;海产的  580. mutual a. Xiang互的  581. naked a. 裸露De  582. negative a. 否Ding的,消极的  583. neglect vt. Hu视,忽略  584. origin n. Qi源,出身  585. oval a. 椭Yuan形的n. 椭圆形586. outset n. Kai始,开端  587. presumably ad. Da概,可能  588. prevail vi. Liu行,盛行  589. quit v. 停Zhi  590. quotation n. Yin文,引语  591. recreation n. Yu乐活动  592. recruit vt. Zhao募,吸收(新成员)  593. rival n. Jing争对手,敌手  594. shuttle n. Suo子;航天飞机  595. skim vt. Ban(去),掠过;浏览  596. sketch n. Cao图;梗概  597. slender a. Miao条的,修长的  598. theme n. Zhu题  599. textile n. 纺Zhi品  600. tropical a. Re带的,炎热的  601. kneel vi. Gui  602. label n. 标签  604. mere a. Jin仅的,只不过的;纯粹的  605. nuisance n. Ling人讨厌的东西(或人) 606. numerous a. Zhong多的,许多的  608. pants [pl.] n. Chang裤;内裤  609. partial a. Bu分的  610. passport n. Hu照  611. prescribe vt. Kai药,吩咐采用...疗法  612. primitive a. Yuan始的,早期的  613. ridge n. Ji,山脊,埂  614. ridiculous a. Ke笑的,荒漠的  615. rigid a. Yan格的;僵硬的  616. withstand vt. Jing受,承受  617. witness n. Mu击者;证据vt. 注意到;证明618. withdraw v. Shou回,撤销  619. slippery a. Hua的  620. smash vt. 粉碎,Da烂  621. snap n./vt. Zhe断,拉断;快照  622. software n. Ruan件  623. solar a. 太阳的  624. lunar a. Yue的,月球的  625. submerge vi. Qian入水中  626. submit vi.(to)Qu服,听从  627. timber n. Mu材,原木  628. tissue n. Zu织;薄纱,手巾纸  629. title n. Ti目,标题  630. tone n. 语Qi,音调  631. drift vi. Piao,漂流  632. drip n. 滴  633. durable a. Nai用的,持久的  634. duration n. Chi续,持续期间  635. dusk n. Huang昏,薄暮  636. leather n. Pi革  637. legislation n. Fa律,法规;立法  638. leisure n. Xian暇;悠闲  639. loose a. Song的,宽松的  640. loosen v. Jie开,放松  641. earnest a. Ren真的,诚挚的  642. earthquake n. Di震  643. echo n. 回音,回Sheng  644. elaborate a. Jing心设计的,复杂的  645. elastic n. Xiang皮圈(带)a. 有弹性的646. elbow n. Zhou  647. electron n. 电Zi  648. volcano n. 火山  649. volume n. Juan,册;体积,容量  650. fatigue n. Pi劳,劳累  651. faulty a. You错误的,有缺点的  652. favorable a. Cheng赞道;有利的,顺利s://www.wanmeila/question/ef64531b1d68510295.html的653. favorite a. Te别受喜欢的n. 喜爱的人或物654. gallery n. Hua廊  655. gallon n. 加仑  656. gap n. Jian隔,差距  657. garbage n. La圾,废物  658. gaze v. 凝Shi,注视  659. gear n. 齿轮,Chuan动装置  660. gene n. 基因  661. lest conj. Wei恐,免得  662. liable a. Ke能的,大概的;(to)易于...的663. liberal a. Zi由得  664. liberty n. Zi由  665. license /license n. Xu可证,执照  666. moisture n. Chao湿  667. motivate vt. Ji励,激发  668. motive n. Dong机,目的  669. generate vt. Sheng成,产生(光、热、电等) 670. genius n. Tian才,天赋  671. genuine a. Zhen的,真诚的  672. gasoline n. Qi油  673. germ n. 微生物,Xi菌  674. gesture n. 姿Shi,手势  675. giant a. 巨Da的n. 巨人,巨物  676. glimpse n. Yi瞥,一看  677. glory n. Guang荣,荣誉  678. glorious n. Guang荣的,极好的  679. golf n. Gao尔夫球运动  680. hydrogen n. Qing  681. oxygen n. 氧  682. hostile a. Di对的,敌意大  683. household n. Jia庭,户  684. hook n. 钩  685. holy a. Shen圣地,圣洁的  686. hint n. An示,示意  687. hesitate v. You豫  688. highlight vt. Qiang调,突出  689. hence ad. Yin此,所以;今后,从此  690. herd n. Shou群,牧群  一.高级词汇  1.occur Ti换think of  Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house. →  An idea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.  It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.  2.devoteTi换spend  He spends all his spare time in reading. →  He devotes all his spare time to reading.  3.seekTi换want / look for  They sought ( wanted ) to hide themselves behind the trees.  4.average Ti换ordinary  I’m an average ( ordinary ) student.  5.butTi换very  The film we saw last night was very interesting. →  The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting.  The film we saw last night was anything but boring.  6.seat Ti换sit  On his way to school, he found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road, looking worried.  7.suppose Ti换should  He is supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly.  8.appreciate Ti换thank  Thank you very much for you help. →  We appreciate your help very much. / Y our help is much appreciated.  9.the caseTi换true  I don’t think it is the case ( true ).  10.onTi换as soon as  As soon as he arrived, he began his research. →On his arrival, he began his research..  11.due toTi换because of  He arrived late due to ( because of ) the storm.  12.coverTi换walk/read  After covering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired.  13.contribute toTi换be helpful/useful  Plenty of memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study. →  Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study.  14.round the corner Ti换coming soon/ nearby  ①The summer vacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans?  ②Li Ming studies in a school round the corner (nearby).  15e to lightTi换discover  The family were so pleased when they discovered the lost jewels. →  The family were so pleased when the lost jewels came to light.  16.have a ballTi换have a good time/ enjoy oneself  After visiting the workshop, we went back to school. Every one of us had a ball ( had a good time ).  17e up withTi换think of  Jack is very clever. He often comes up with ( thinks of ) new ideas.  18.set asideTi换save  Some students think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books. (2004Tian津卷)  19.be of + n. 替Huanadj.  The products are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China.  20.refer to Ti换talk about/of, mention  The professor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous.  21.can not but / can not help butTi换have to do  I could not but (had to) go home.  22.more often than notTi换usually  More often than not (Usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed.  23.lestTi换so that /in order that  I wrote down his telephone number so that I would not forget it. →  I wrote down his telephone number lest I (should) forget it.  24.be long for sth. / be long to do sth. Ti换want to do sth./wish for  I want to see you very much. →  I am long to see you.  25.be caught up in/be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted toTi换be interested in He is caught up in ( very interested in ) collecting stamps  26.more thanTi换very  ①I’m very glad to learn that you are coming in September. →  I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming in September.  ②If there is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help.  27.perfect (ly) Ti换good/ very well  He speaks perfect ( good ) English./ He speaks English perfectly ( very well ).  28.do sb a/the favor Ti换help  Would you please do me the favor ( help me ) to turn down the radio?  29.the other dayTi换a few days ago  The other day my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle.  30.in the course ofTi换during  In the course of (During) the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay special attention to your safety.  31.the majority ofTi换most  The majority of (Most of ) the interviewees prefer watching TV at home to going to the cinema.  32.consist ofTi换be made up of  Our class consists of ( is made up of ) 50 students.  33.be worn outTi换be tired / broken  ①After five hours’non-stop work, we were all worn out (tired).  ②My shoes are worn out (broken). Please buy me a new pair.  34.become ofTi换happen  What do think has become of ( happened to ) him ?  35.attend toTi换look after  36.on condition thatTi换as long as  37.neverthelessTi换however  38.express one’s satisfaction withTi换be satisfied with  39.spare no efforts to doTi换try one’s best to do  40.many a Ti换many  41.be rushed off one’s feet Ti换be busy in doing  42.a handful ofTi换a little / some  43.meanwhileTi换at the same time  44.get to one’s feetTi换stand up  45.beneathTi换under  46.occasionallyTi换sometimes /once in while  47.for instanceTi换for example  48.seldomTi换not often  49.wealthyTi换rich  50.amazing替换surprising 51.as a matter of fact Ti换in fact  第一招:还原法  1. Jiang疑问句还原为陈述句  【典型考题】  Li1: Is this school_______ you visited last month?  A. one  B. the one  C. that  D. what  【Zhi点迷津】这是一个一般疑问句,如果不用还原法考Sheng会误把this school分析成定语从句的Xian行词,反而掉进C项that这个陷进。如果把句Zi还原成陈述句This school isyou visited last month,Kao生就可以看出这个定语从句缺少先行词the oneHe引导词that / which。the one Te指this school, that / whichZuo宾语可以省略。因此答案是B项the one。  Li2: What have we said _______ her so unhappy?  A. makes  B. to make  C. made  D. had made  【Zhi点迷津】答案为B。这是一个特殊疑问句,如果把Ju子还原成We have said what _______her so  unhappy,Xian然to make 作结果状语。但如果把该句错Huan原成What we have said _______her so unhappy,Jiu成了主语从句,结果掉进陷阱,误选成C 项made。  2. Jiang强调句还原为陈述句  例1: —Where did you get to know her?  —It was on the farm_______we worked.(2007Nian山东卷)  A. that  B. there  C. which  D. where  【Zhi点迷津】这是一个强调句型,强调地点状语on the farm。Ru果把句子还原成陈述句It was on the farm where we worked that I got to know her,Kao生就可以看出on the farm后whereYin导了一个定语从句,且省略了that I got to know herZhe一结构,因此答案是D项where。  3. Jiang感叹句还原为陈述句  【典型考题】  different life today is_______ what it was 30 years ago!  A. How; from  B. What a; from  C. What; from  D. How; with  【Zhi点迷津】这是一个感叹句,如果把句子还原成陈述JuLife today is different from what it was 30 years ago.Zai变为感叹句就很容易选出正确答案A项。但是如果Ben题不用还原法而直接选择则会很容易掉进陷阱B,Cuo选成What a; from。  4. Jiang倒装句还原为正常语序  【典型考题】  So much of interest _______ that most visiters simply run out of time before seeing it all. (2008Nian上海卷)  A. offers Beijing  B. Beijing offers  C. does Beijing offer  D. Beijing does offer  【Zhi点迷津】本题考查倒装结构。如果将主句还原为正Chang语序Beijing offers so much of interesting that ...Hou,可知题干是so ... that的倒装句。Kao点: 在so ... that结构中,当soCi组位于句首时该主句要用部分倒装,因此答案是CXiangdoes Beijing offer。  5. Jiang被动语态还原为主动语态  【典型考题】  Time should be made good use of _______ our lessons well.  A. learning  B. learned  C. to learn  D. learns  【Zhi点迷津】如果将该题还原为主动句We should make good use of timeour lessons well.Ke以发现介词of有其相应的宾语,其后不能再用动Ming词learning做宾语,应选C项不定式to learnZuo目的状语。  第二招:添加法  高考Ming题常使用省略句使考生不易看清句子的结构。对于Zhe类试题,可恢复被省略的成分,使句子的结构变得Ming朗,进而选择出合适的答案。  【典型考题】  Li1: —Hey, look where you are going!  —Oh, I’m terribly sorry.______. (1999Quan国卷)  A. I’m not noticing  B. I wasn’t noticing  C. I haven’t noticed  D. I don’t notice  【Zhi点迷津】因为省略了时间状语,考生答这类题时好Xiang无处下手。如果添加出隐藏的时间状语,这类句子De答案就一目了然了。Oh, I’m terribly sorry. I wasn’t noticing when I passed by you.Zhe时考生就不难  看出本题应为过去进行时,Gu答案为B项。  第三招:分隔法  分Ge法是用各类短语、各种从句或谓语动词将两个原来Zai语法关系上甚为密切的句子成分隔开,这样在很大Cheng度上增加了考生对句子的理解难度。这种方法在定Yu从句和同位语从句的命题中很多,考生答题时可采Yong画括号的方法直接确定前面的先行词或中心词。  【Dian型考题】  例1: The village has developed a lot _______ we learned farming two years ago.(2007Nian福建卷)  A. when  B. which  C. that  D. where  【Zhi点迷津】本题考查定语从句。先行词the villageYu定语从句被has developed a lotFen隔,where 在从句we learned farmingHou作地点状语,所以正确答案为D项。  第四Zhao:化简法  高考命题为了增加句子的难度,Ming题人常将起干扰作用的定语从句、介词短语或插入Yu混在句子中,有意给学生造成理解和判断上的困难。Ru: I think / suppose / believe,do you think / suppose / believe, you know, of courseDeng。考生在答题时可以采取用括号删除这些干扰项的Fang法,使句子变得更加简单,从而更容易地选出正确Da案。  【典型考题】  例1: John plays football_______ , if not better than, David. (1994Quan国卷)  A. as well  B. as well as  C. so well  D. so well as  【Zhi点迷津】句中if not better thanQian后都有逗号,可以当作插入语,先去掉不看,这样Ti干就成了John plays football  David.Ke以看出这是一个表同等比较的句子,故答案为B项as well as。  Di五招:突破定势法  高考命题人常利用考生Shu悉已久的句型结构、固定搭配或者母语为“诱饵”Gei考生s://www.wanmeila/question/ef64531b1d68510295.html造成假象,考生因为思维定势负迁移的影响,Er忽略了题中已经变化的条件或情境,轻而易举选出“Zheng确答案”,结果掉进了陷阱。考生在做这类试题时,Yao仔细分析句子结构或者句意,以免掉入命题者设计De陷阱。  【相似句型Ⅰ】  1.is known to everyboby, light travels much faster than sound.  2.is known to everyboby that light travels much faster than sound.  3.is known to everyboby is that light travels much faster than sound.  A. It  B. As  C. That  D. What  【Zhi点迷津】第1题选B,as引导一个非限定性定语Cong句,as代指后面整个句子;若将逗号改为第2题Dethat,就选A,it作形式主语,that引Dao主语从句;若在第3题的that前加is,则应XuanD,what引导的是主语从句,而that引导De是表语从句。  【典型考题】  _______is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing.(2008Nian福建卷)  A. It  B. What  C. As  D. Which  【Zhi点迷津】该题考查名词性从句。考生易受思维定势De影响误选A或C,误把it当形式主语,或者将题Mu判断成as is known to sb.的Fei限制性定语从句,而没有分析清楚is之前是主语Cong句,what在从句中作主语,所以应选B项。  Di六招:语境分析法  语境即一定的语言环境。Jin几年的高考题往往自然巧妙地设置一定的语言情境Huo者故意隐蔽一些有效的信息,以考查考生在特定的Yu言环境中准确运用语言的能力。这种解题方法适用Yu情景题和交际题,考生解题时必须依据题干具体情Jing或交际对话场合、内容来确定符合情理、场景的最Jia答案。  【典型考题】  例1: —Tom, you didn’t come to the party last night?  —I_______, but I suddenly remembered I had homework to do.(2007 Quan国卷Ⅱ)  A. had to  B. didn’t  C. was going to  D. wouldn’t  【Zhi点迷津】本题考查动词时态的区别。A项意为“不De不”,B 项意为“不”;C 项意为“本打算做”;D Xiang意为“不愿意”。根据语境but I suddenly remembered I had homework to doKe知我是本来打算去的,但想起来还有作业要做,显Ran只有C 项符合语境要求。  第七招:语法Fen析法  对基本语法的灵活运用是高考单项填Kong题考查的主要内容。一些重点的语法如时态、语态、Fei谓语动词、情态动词、倒装句、复合句等都有严格De运用规律和使用规则。考生在答题时如果能准确地Ba握该题的语法考点,将会有效地提高解题的速度和De分率。  【典型考题】  例1: My friend showed me round the town, _______ was very kind of him. (2009Nian全国卷Ⅱ)  A. which  B. that  C. where  D. it  【Zhi点迷津】该题考查非限制性定语从句。考生答题时Ying该先看选项,因为ABC三项都是关系词,可以断Ding该题考查语法复合句。如果选择that 或itJiu成了并列句,必须在第二个分句前加并列连词and。Guan系代词which代指前面的整个句子My friend showed me round the townZuo从句的主语,而C项where不能作主语,所以Zheng确答案为A项。  第八招:寻找标志词法  Biao志词就是“题眼”。抓住了题眼,就能准确判断命Ti者的意图,缩小思考范围,迅速发现解题突破口,Cong而准确作答。  【典型考题】  例1: I had to buy _______these books because I don’t know which one was the best. (2004Nian上海卷)  A. both  B. none  C. neither  D. all  【Zhi点迷津】本题的标志词是从句中的the best,You最高级the best可知,该题只能选用表示San者以上的词,排除A,C。由于none表示的是Fou定的意思,所以正s://www.wanmeila/question/ef64531b1d68510295.html确答案只能选择D项all。  Li2: Mr. Reed made up his mind to devote all he had to _______some schools for poor children. (2001Nian上海卷)  A. set up  B. setting up  C. have set up  D. having set up  【Zhi点迷津】本题的标志词是devote ... to ...,toZai该词组中是介词,构成固定搭配devote ... to doing sth.,Ruo删去定语从句he had, 答案B项setting upZe一目了然,而D项表示非谓语动词having set upDe动作发生在谓语动词made up his mindDe动作之前,显然与句意不符。  第九招:标Dian符号分析法  标点符号在在单项填空题中看Si微不足道,但其作用不可忽视:它可以起到表意的Zuo用,使语言更加准确。特别是在定语从句或者非谓Yu动词作状语的句型中,利用标点符号分析法可以帮Zhu考生迅速找到解题的突破口,从而很容易地得出正Que答案。  【典型考题】  例1: There are eight tips in Dr. Roger’s lecture on sleep, and one of them is:_______to bed early unless you think it is necessary.(2004Nian重庆)  A. doesn’t go  B. not to go  C. not going  D. don’t go  【Zhi点迷津】此题很容易误选B,考生误认为是不定式Zuo表语。其实冒号已经表明后面是Dr. Roger Jiang的原话,应当是个句子,只有选D项don’t goCai构成一个否定的祈使句。  例2: He is always really rude,_______is why people tend to avoid him.  A. that  B. it  C. this  D. which  【Zhi点迷津】此题很容易错选A,因为同学们很熟悉that is why ...Zhe个句型,而事实上此题的答案是D。因为两个句子Zhi间是逗号,又无并列连词,因此是用which引s://www.wanmeila/question/ef64531b1d68510295.htmlDao的非限制性定语从句。若句中用并列连词and,Da案就可以选A和B了。  第十招:句子结构Fen析法  高考单选题在继承和发展以往注重语Jing化、交际化的基本特征的同时,命题人更注重对并Lie句及复合句等句子结构的分析和理解的考查。考生Xu要注意的是,有些高考单选题看似有两个句子,于Shi考生就选连词,正好掉进命题人设计的陷阱。这类Ti型的选项大致分为两类:1)连词和代词的混合选Xiang;2)纯连词。如果是复合句,考生要严格按照以Xia两个思路答题:1)分析何种从句;2)分析引导Ci作何种成分。  【典型考题】  例1: He wrote five novels, two of_______translated into English.  A. it  B. them  C. which  D. that  【Zhi点迷津】此题很容易掉进陷阱误选C,学生误以为Hou面是非限制性定语从句。事实上translatedShi过去分词,而不是谓语动词,后面不是句子,不能Yong连词,所以正确答案是B项them。若在translatedQian加上were, were translatedJiu成了谓语动词,这时才可以选连词which。  Li2: If an excellent Chinese novel is translated into English, _______means many more people in the world can enjoy it.  A. as  B. which  C. what  D. that  【Zhi点迷津】此题的考点是if。若没有if,就用BXiangwhich引导一个非限制性定语从句。本题用连Ciif在句首引导一个条件状语从句,主句只能以关Xi代词that 作主语,代指If从句所指的事,Suo以正确答案为D 项that。  1.occur Ti换think of  Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house. →  An idea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.  It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.  2.devoteTi换spend  He spends all his spare time in reading. →  He devotes all his spare time to reading.  3.seekTi换want / look for  They sought ( wanted ) to hide themselves behind the trees.  4.average Ti换ordinary  I’m an average ( ordinary ) student.  5.butTi换very  The film we saw last night was very interesting. →  The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting.  The film we saw last night was anything but boring.  6.seat Ti换sit  On his way to school, he found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road, looking worried.  7.suppose Ti换should  He is supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly.  8.appreciate Ti换thank  Thank you very much for you help. →  We appreciate your help very much. / Your help is much appreciated.  9.the caseTi换true  I don’t think it is the case ( true ).  10.onTi换as soon as  As soon as he arrived, he began his research. → On his arrival, he began his research..  11.due toTi换because of  He arrived late due to ( because of ) the storm.  12.coverTi换walk/read  After covering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired.  13.contribute toTi换be helpful/useful  Plenty of memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study. →  Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study.  14.round the corner Ti换coming soon/ nearby  ①The summer vacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans?  ②Li Ming studies in a school round the corner (nearby).  15e to lightTi换discover  The family were so pleased when they discovered the lost jewels. →  The family were so pleased when the lost jewels came to light.  16.have a ballTi换have a good time/ enjoy oneself  After visiting the workshop, we went back to school. Every one of us had a ball ( had a good ti me ).  17e up withTi换think of  Jack is very clever. He often comes up with ( thinks of ) new ideas.  18.set asideTi换save  Some students think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books. (2004Tian津卷)  19.be of + n. 替Huanadj.  The products are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China.  20.refer to Ti换talk about/of, mention  The professor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous.  21.can not but / can not help butTi换have to do  I could not but (had to) go home.  22.more often than notTi换usually  More often than not (Usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed.  23.lestTi换so that /in order that  I wrote down his telephone number so that I would not forget it. →  I wrote down his telephone number lest I (should) forget it.  24.be long for sth. / be long to do sth. Ti换want to do sth./wish for I want to see you ver y much. → I am long to see you. 25.be caught up in/be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addi  cted toTi换be interested in He is caught up in ( very interested in ) collecting stamps 26.more t hanTi换very ①I’m very glad to learn that you are coming in September. → I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming in September. ②If there is anything I can do for you, I woul d be more than glad to help  27.perfect (ly) Ti换good/ very well He speaks perfect ( good ) English./ He speaks English perfectly ( very well ). 28.do sb a/the favor Ti换help Would you please do me the favor ( help me ) to turn down the radio? 29.the other dayTi换a few days ago The other day my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle. 30.in the course ofTi换during In the course o  f (During) the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay special attention to your safety.  31.the majority ofTi换most 32.consist of替换be made up of Our class consists of ( is ma de up of ) 50 students. 33.be worn outTi换be tired / broken ①Af ter five hours’ non-stop work, we were all worn out (tired). ②My shoes are worn out (broken). Please buy me a new pa ir. 34.become ofTi换happen What do think has become of ( happened to ) him ? 35.a ttend toTi换look after 36.on condition thatTi换as long as 37.neverthelessTi换however 38.express one’s satisfaction withTi换be satisfied with 39.spare no effo  41.be rushed off one’s feet Ti换be busy in doing 42.a handful ofTi换a little / some 43.meanwhileTi换at the same time 44.get to one’s feetTi换stand up 45.beneath替换und er 46.occasionallyTi换sometimes /once in while 47.for instanceTi换for example 48.s eldomTi换not often 49.wealthy替Huanrich 50.amazing替换surprising 51.as a matter o f fact Ti换in fact

作文二:《考研英语小作文类型分析、万能句型与真题分析(全) 》26100字

  考研英语作文历来就是一个容易被忽视De  题型,往往都是在考研的冲刺阶段考生才Kai始准备。小作文的考察类型曾在2考研冲刺阶段做Guo总结,一共二十多个类型,具体每个类型又是可以Ling活运用的。  考研英语写作部分自2005Nian第一次引进应用文开始,一直延续到2012年,Mei年考试小作文占的分值都是10分。主要考查学生Zhuan写不同类型的包括私人和公务信件、摘要、工作报Gao、备忘录在内的应用文的能力。相信2012年写Zuo还会延续对应用文的考查。下面将结合近七年的真Ti,逐年分析一下应用文考察的类型。  2005-2011Xiao作文考察类型:  2005年:2005年Ying用文考的是一封辞职信(Letter of resignation),Qing景是两个月前你得到了一份编辑工作,但是现在你Fa现这份工作和你预期的不一样,你决定辞职,写一Feng信给老板,说明理由,并且道歉。  2006Nian:2006年应用文考的是申请信(Letter of application)。Qing景是你希望为参与希望工程,资助一个偏远地区的Er童。要求给有关部门写申请信请他们帮助找到一个Xu要帮助的人。内容看似  2007年:2007Nian应用文考查的是公务信函建议信(Letter of suggestion),Qing景是给图书馆写信提出改善服务的建议。  2008Nian:2008年应用文考的一封给友人的私人信件(Personal letter)。Ju体情景是误拿友人CD需要归还。但是题目要求还Shi道歉和建议方面。  2009年:2009Nian的应用文考察的是公务信件建议信(Letter of suggestion)。Qing景是给当地媒体编辑写信,阐明对于以前治理白色La圾措施的观点以及自己的建议。2010年:2010Nian应用文考查了通知或告示(Notice)。情景Shi发出招募国际化会议志愿者的告示。  2011Nian:2011年应用文考的是一封给友人的私人信件(Personal letter)。Ju体情景是给为好友推荐一部自己喜欢的电影,并说Ming理由。但是题目要求主要是推荐方面。2011小Zuo文类型  从形式上来看,2005-2009Nian考查的都是公务信件,从功能上来看,多为道歉、Jian议等交际功能。而自2010年开始,考查了告示Zhe一新的形式。2011年意料之中也是意料之外地Kao查了信函。意料之中的是,这明显是一种反压题的Xian象,考试命题人有意而为之。意料s://www.wanmeila/question/ef64531b1d68510295.html之外的是,在各Da机构纷纷预测未来还会不断出现新的应用文形式,Er不再仅仅囿于信件这一种形式,而命题组再次搬出Liao信函写作。可见,信件最能体现万变不离其宗的一Zhong考查形式,大家仍然要把其作为重点来复习,并且Yao拓宽其类型到祝贺信、求职信等。同时要多多体会Qing帖、邀请函、便条、注意事项、告示、通知、摘要Xie作等多种应用文的格式。并通过范文来体会其语域Te点。  值得注意的是,近几年考研应用文考Ti和大学英语四级写作真题的关联性。2009年1Yue考研应用文真题源于2008年12月四级  Kao试应用文题目,可以作为平时模拟练习的内容。  Kao研英语小作文和大作文不同,有其独特的特点。大Zhi可分二十多个类型,例如申请信,介绍信等等。很Duo同学往往会忽视小作文的复习,认为掌握了这几种Lei型的模板就可以拿高分。实际上从历年的考生成绩Lai看,小作文得高分却很难。  我们为大家总Jie了小作文考题的以下  几个特点,希望能够Bang助广大考生对小作文复习有更加清醒的认识。  Te点1、重格式,不轻内容  应用文的大作文De一个很大区别就是  重格式,规律性强。格Shi和套路不对,一般会给阅卷老师留下很不好的印象。Li如:信  件一般不需要题目,通知和告示却Xu要,如2010年的题目Volunteers wanted。Bu只题目,还有客套话以及署名等。例如:公务信函Zhong的称呼,一般而言,如果是不认识的人,称呼为敬Ci+尊称。例如,Dear Sir or Madam HuoTo whom it may concern;Ru果是写给关系正式的某团体中的具体人,称呼为敬Ci+尊称+名。例如,Dear Mr. xx或Dear Ms. xx;Dui于关系较亲密的人可以直呼其名(Dear)PeterDeng。这都是有规律可循的。  特点2、轻思想,Zhong交际  这里所谓的轻思想,主要是指因为100Zi的应用文,除去那些客套话,其实一般主体部分也Jiu2-3个句子就可以解决。这么短的篇幅,是不可Neng要求思想性有多强。这点和大作文不一样,大作文Zhong,如果你没有一定的思想深度,文章结构会很松散,Rang人感觉是句子的堆砌。而那种连贯性和衔接手法的Ying用也不会太准确。而小作文,我们要做到的只是注Yi用词语体以及语域的适当性,要点覆盖的全面性。  Te点3、字数少,易得分  上面我们提到了,Ying用文的篇幅很短,这使得我们很容易得分。试想,Ru果想在阅读理解中得到10分,你需要在理解一篇500-600Zi的文章的基础上答对5道选择题。从这个角度而言,Xiao作文的确是容易拿分的部分,应该成为考生提分的Yi个板块。  特点4、重套路,难发挥  Ying用文的这一个特点,仍然是和它的套路性、格式化You关。因此,我们更加需要用词的准确性。需要我们Dui于一些语言的语体特点 (genre features)Jin行区分。以免让词汇的语体影响到准确性。写给机Gou的信函,应该避免使用太口语化的语言。例如06Nian是写给一个机构的申请信,而08年是写给友人的Si人信件,那么在这两年的应用文写作中,就要求使Yong不同的语言。从称呼到正文部分,08年的文章用Ci都可以更口语化和随意一些。正因为这种套路的稳Ding性,对于同等基础的考生来讲,这部分很难达到技Ya群雄的效果,很难拉开和别人的距离。也就是说,Dui于所有的考生来说,得10分不容易,但是得2分Shen至4分也很不容易。  以上就是小作文的四Ge主要的考题特点, 2012年的考生在复习英语De时候可以着重根据这四个特点来复习小作文。希望Kao生能够了解,在复习的时候找到更合适的方法。考Yan英语小作文超经典实用套句:在考研英语小作文写Zuo中,除了保持一般的议论文风格,还需要在三段中Chuan插信函相关的套句模板,来适应书信文体的要求。Zai考研英语小作文写作中,除了保持一般的议论文风Ge,还需要在三段中穿插信函相关的套句模板,来适Ying书信文体的要求。  A.信头  写信Ren地址(由小到大);写信日期  B.信内地Zhi  收信人地址(包括姓名和地址)  C.Cheng谓  私人信件称呼较随便,常以名(first name)  Xiang称;正式信件必须以姓相称,如: Dear Prof. /Mr. /Miss /Mrs. Ru果收信人是女性且不知道其婚否,则称Dear Ms. Cheng呼之后用逗号;不明确收信人性别时,用Dear Sir / Madam; Bu明确收信人时,可用To whom it may concern; Cheng呼相同职业的收信人,可以用Dear colleague  D.Zheng文  正文要简明扼要,段落清楚。  E.Jie束问候语  第一个词的首字母大写,结尾加Dou号。私人信件可用Yours, Love. 正Shi信件可用Yours sincerely, Sincerely yours, Yours truly, Truly yours, Yours respectfully, Respectfully yours  F.Qian名  写信人署名。正式信件要在打印的签名Zhi上加上亲笔签名  下面就帮大家整理了一些Xiao作文最常用的经典套句,希望大家在考场上能够信Shou拈来,发挥作用。  1. 一般开头句型  I’m writing to…Kai门见山的开头模式  I’m writing to inform you that…(Tong知类型)  I’m writing to seek your assistance in …(Qing求类型)  I’m writing in response to your advertisement in …(Hui应类型)  I’m writing to express my views on …(Jian议类型)  I’m writing to apply for the scholarship that your department offers to students from other countries. (Shen请类型)  I’m writing to see if it is possible for you to provide me with information regarding…(Zi询类型)  I’m writing to express my disappointment/ dissatisfaction about…(Tou诉类型)  2. 感谢类句型  thank-gratitude-grateful-appreciate De多种变体  I’m most grateful to you for your…  I’m writing this letter to express my sincere gratitude for…  I would like to convey in this letter my heartfelt thanks for…  I feel greatly indebted to you for…  I’m writing to tell you how greatly I appreciate all you have done for me…  But for your kind assistance, I would have …  I must thank you again for your generous help.  Please accept my deepest gratitude.  3. Dao歉类句型  sorry-apologize-apologyDe多种变体  I feel really sorry to you for…  I must apologize to you for…  I would like to express my deepest apology / regret for not being able to …  Had I …, I would have….  Please accept my sincere apology for…  I want you to know how badly I feel about…  4. Yi般结尾句型  Any favorable consideration of my application will be highly appreciated. (Shen请/求职)  We should be very pleased if you could honor us with your presence. (Yao请函)  Best wishes for your greater success in your career. (Zhu愿)  2011年考研英语应用文书信写作Ju型汇总(1)  1月份的考试离我们越来越Jin了,要参加2011考研的考生神经又要绷紧一些Liao。今天,考研辅导团队与大家分享一下有关考研英Yu写作中书信写作的方法常用技巧等,掌握了这些,Xiang信此类题型的提分会有很大帮助。  书信题Xing写作是应用文写作中常见的功能性写作形式,书信Xie作的准备一是宏观,就是要掌握它的格式,基本框Jia,就是先写什么,后写什么;二是微观,具体到语Yan如何使用。  一、书信写作考察的结构  ①Ri期,写信人应将写信日期(年,月,日)放在书信Zheng文的右上角,如Jan. 30th, 2010.  Ti醒:考研书信写作没有要求考生必须写时间,如果Mei有把握自己的时间书写格式  是正确的,建Yi考生不要写,以免出错反而扣分。  ②称呼,Cheng呼是写信人对收信人的称谓,称呼可以根据收信人De性别,职务,婚姻状况,姓名等个人信息来写,如:Mr. Williams,Mrs. Bush,Professor Li, Dr. Smith,Dear Mum and Dad  Ru果写信人不清楚收信人的具体姓名,职务等情况,Ke以写:Dear Sir or Madam, To whom it may concern.  ③Zheng文,正文是书信的主要部分,在称呼下方隔一或两Xing处开始。考生写正文时,要分层次进行。书信正文Tong常由引言,展开段和结尾三个层次组成。  ?Yin言,引言表明写信人的写信目的和写信背景,一般Jin限于一段,一两句话即可。  提醒:此处考Sheng容易犯一个错误:照抄题目的表达,甚至原句,这Shi一个严重的错误,在阅卷过程至少会扣到2分,希Wang广大考生要注意。  ?展开段,展开段内容Ying详实,具体。可以分为若干段来写,每一段围绕一Ge主题  展开。  提醒:提醒广大考生,Ti干中的要点必须全部包含,考生若是在漏掉一个要Dian(一般小作文有3个要点)会至少扣掉3分。  ?Jie尾,结尾部分通常比引言部分短,使用一两句话表Da一下希望或祝愿。  ④结束语,结束语是写Xin人对收信人的谦称,写在正文下面二至三行处。公Wu等较正式的信件多采用Yours sincerely, Sincerely yours,Yours faithfully, Yours trulyDeng;私人信件,多采用Yours, With love,Yours affectionatelyDeng。  ⑤签名,签名应写在结束语的下面。  Er、主体段语言的操作  书信按照指令边想边Xie。主体第一段一句话,开门见山,提出写信的目的,Biao明信的性质:是投诉信还是申请信还是请求信?我Wei什么要写这封信?常用句式包括:  I am writing to complain about…  I am writing to thank…for…/express my gratitude for…  I am writing to ask for…  I am writing to apply for…  Zheng文第二段,100个字左右,8、9句话。  Ci段写作的中心任务是把题目中的提纲进行扩展。如Guo有3条提纲,可以每一条提纲扩充3句。怎么样扩Chong,主要是发挥点小小的想象力,有两种思路,一是Jiang上义拆分成为若干下义,二是把一件事情说得更为Xing象具体。比如第一条指令,题目里面说是books,Ke以细化为各种各样的书,这就是下义拆分法。还可Yi具体描写一下这些书是什么样子的。同样第二个指Ling里面的methods of payment,He第三个指令里面的time and way of deliveryDu可以采用这两种方法进行扩展。  结尾,一Ban为礼貌性的套话,一般都是焦急等待着您的回信I am looking forward to your replyZu以,或者I would appreciate it if you could send a replay at your earliest convenienceYe行。  以下为书信写作中常用的经典句型参  Kao,希望大家在写作中活学活用。  常用起首Yu  1)I am much pleased to inform you that……。  2)I wish to apply for the teaching position you are offering.  3)Your kind letter of November 22th arrived this morning.  4)In reply to your letter dated July 4,I want to say…  5)Thank you for your letter dated Dec.22,2000.  6)Many thanks for your letter of Sept.5,1997.  7) A thousand thanks for your kind letter of June 5,1997.  8)Your letter which arrived this morning gave me great comfort.  9)Thank you very much for your letter of August 2 and the gift you sent me on Christmas Eve.  10)First of all,I must thank you  for your kind assistance and high attention to me .  11)With great delight I learn fr om your letter of this Sunday that…  12)I am too excited and delighted at your good news.  13)I am very obliged to you for your warm congratulations.…  Kao研英语应用文书信写作要点及句型汇总  二  Er、主体段语言的操作  书信按照指令边想边Xie。主体第一段一句话,开门见山,提出写信的目的,Biao明信的性质:是投诉信还是申请信还是请求信?我Wei什么要写这封信?常用句式包括:  I am writing to complain about…  I am writing to thank… for… /express my gratitude for …  I am writing to ask for…  I am writing to apply for…  Zheng文第二段,100个字左右,8、9句  话。  Ci段写作的中心任务是把题目中的提纲进行扩展。如Guo有3条提纲,可以每一条提纲扩充3句。怎么样扩Chong,主要是发挥点小小的想象力,有两种思路,一是Jiang上义拆分成为若干下义,二是把一件事情说得更为Xing象具体。比如第一条指令,题目里面说是books,Ke以细化为各种各样的书,这就是下义拆分法。还可Yi具体描写一下这些书是什么样子的。同样第二个指Ling里面的methods of payment,He第三个指令里面的time and way of deliveryDu可以采用这两种方法进行扩展。  结尾,一Ban为礼貌性的套话,一般都是焦急等待着您的回信I am looking forward to your replyZu以,或者I would appreciate it if you could send a replay at your earliest convenienceYe行。  以下为书信写作中常用的经典句型参Kao,希望大家在写作中活学活用。  常用结束Yu  1) Looking forward to your early  reply  2) Hoping to hear from you soon  3) I hope to hear from you very soon。  4) We look forward to your reply at your earliest convenience。  5) Your early reply will be highly appreciated。  6) I hope everything will be well with you。  7) Please let us know if you want more information。  8) I wish you very success in the coming year。  9) Please remember me to your family。  10) With best regards to your family。  11) All the best。  12) With love and good wishes。  (1) 2006Nian真题  Directions:  You want to contribute to Project Hope by offering financial aid to a child in a remote area. Write a letter to the department concerned, asking them to help find a candidate. You should specify what kind of child you want to help and how you will carry out your plan.  You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.  Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use  Do not write the address.  Fan文:  To Whom It May Concern,  My name is Li Ming, a college student of Peking University, and I am writing in the hope of your assistance to find a needy child for whom I may provide financial support.  First and foremost I would like to declare that I possess the financial ability to implement this plan owing to my decent income from part-time jobs. As to the candidate, I am hoping that he/she comes from an elementary school of the less developed areas of Western China, who is forced out of school. I would like to pay for his/her tuition fee and other  school expenses until he/she graduates from university.  Thank you for your time.  Yours cordially,  Li Ming  Yi文:  有关负责人:  我叫李明,是Bei京大学的学生。我给您写这封信的目的是希望可以Zi助一名贫困学生,请您帮我物色一名合适的人选。  Shou先我想声明我有着实现这个计划的财政  能Li,因为我现在的兼职工作可以给我带来不菲的收入。Zhi于具体的人选,我希望他/  她是来自经济Luo后的中国西部地区的一名小学生,因为贫困原因而Bei迫退学。我将支付该学生的学费和其它杂费等,直Zhi其大学毕业。  感谢您的时间和耐心。  Nin真挚的,  李明  闪光词汇及词组:  in the hope of: Xi望  assistance: n. 帮助,Xie助  first and foremost: Shou先  declare: v. 声明  possess: v. Yong有  implement: v. 实施  owe to: Yin为,由于  decent income: Bu错的收入  as to: 至于  less developed: Qian发达的  万能句型:  I am writing in the hope of your assistance to…  Thank you for your time.  (2)Directions:  You are preparing for your graduation thesis and are in urgent need of some reference materials. Write a letter to the National Library and ask for their help. Provide detailed information, and method of delivery and payment.  You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.  Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use  Do not write the address.  Fan文:  Dear Sir or Madam,  I am a senior student from Tianjin University, and I wonder if you could spare some time to help me look for two reference books, Communication Principles and Organizational Communication, both published by Foreign Language Press in 2000.  The two books are of particular importance to my graduation thesis, but I failed to obtain them from my university library as well as local bookstores. Could you please tell me whether the National Library has the mentioned books? If so, could you please do me the favor of photocopying and sending them to me by EMS? I would like to pay for the relevant expense by cash or credit card.  Looking forward to a prompt reply from you.  Sincerely yours,  Li Ming  Yi文:  尊敬的先生或女士:  我是天Jin大学的一名大四学生,不知道是否可以占用您的一Dian时间帮我找两本参考  书?它们分别是《传Bo学原理》和《组织传播学》,都是由外语出版社于2000Nian出版。  这两本书对于我的正在写作的毕业Lun文有  着特别的重要意义,但是我在我们的Da学图书馆和当地书店都没有找到它们。不知道国  Jia图书馆是否藏有着两本书?如果有的话,不知您是Fou可以帮我复印一下并用特快专递寄给我呢?关于相Guan费用我会通过现金或者信用卡的形式进行支付。  Xi望能够尽快得到您的答复。  您真诚的,  Li明  闪光词汇及词组:  senior student: Da四学生  spare some time: Hua一些时间  fail to do sth: Mei能做成某事  obtain: v. 得到,Huo得  photocopy: v. 复印  Wan能句型:  I am wondering if you could spare some time to…  Could you please do me the favor of…  I would like to pay for the relevant expense by cash or credit card.  Looking forward  Jian议信:  写作  自我介绍、说明目的->Wei婉地提出建议及改进措施,或提出忠告->礼貌地Zong结或期盼回  复  Tips:  Ti建议毕竟不是投诉,所以语言一定要委婉、礼貌,Gu及他人感情。在提出缺点之前,最好先肯定其优点  (1)2007Nian真题  Directions:  Write a litter to your university library, making suggestions for improving its service.  You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.  Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use  Do not write the address.  Fan文:  To Whom It May Concern,  As a student of this university, I would like to take the opportunity to express my appreciation for your kind assistance as always. Meanwhile, I feel that it would be beneficial to express my views concerning  the quality of the library service.  In the first place, I find that most keyboards of the library computers are in poor operation, which brings much inconvenience to the users.  I would also recommend the library to  improve the efficiency of purchasing new books and subscribing to academic journals. Last but not least, the study rooms need to be furnished with a better lighting system.  I hope that you take my suggestions into serious consideration.  Yours sincerely,  Li Ming  Yi文:  有关s://www.wanmeila/question/ef64531b1d68510295.html负责人:  作为本校学生,Shou先我想利用这个机会对于您一直以来的帮助表示感Xie。同时,我也想对图书馆的服务提出一些建议,相Xin将有助于服务的提高。  首先,我发现图书Guan电脑的大部分键盘都有操作上的问题,给用户带来Hen多不便。我也想建议图书馆提高购买新书和定购学Shu期刊的工作效率。最后,自习教室的照明系统也需Yao进一步的改进。  我希望您能够认真考虑我De建议。  您真诚的,  李明  Shan光词汇及词组:  take the opportunity to: Li用这个机会  beneficial: adj.You益的  keyboard: n. 键盘  purchase: v. Gou买  subscribe to: 定购  be furnished with: An装有  lighting system: Zhao明系统  万能句型:  I would like to take the opportunity to express my appreciation for your kind assistance as always.  I feel that it would be beneficial to express my views concerning…  In the first place…I would also recommend…Last but not least…  I hope that you take my suggestions into serious consideration.  (2)Directions:  Write a letter to the president of your college about the unpleasant conditions of the university dormitory, and suggesting possible solutions  You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.  Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use  Do not write the address.  Fans://www.wanmeila/question/ef64531b1d68510295.html文:  Dear Sir,  As I am a freshman, I feel that it is my obligation to make some suggestions concerning the basic conditions of our dormitory.  Generally speaking, the dormitory building situates in a satisfying environment and is well-equipped. However, there are two unpleasant aspects that cause inconvenience to us: 1) the heating system is in need of improvement-it fails to maintain warmth in our rooms during the winter; 2) the furniture is not designed in a practical manner -there lacks a shelf to place books.  I would be more than happy if my proposal could be considered and positive changes take  place in these regards.  Yours sincerely,  Li Ming  Yi文:  尊敬的校长:  作为本校的一Ming大一新生,我觉得就学生宿舍条件提出一些建议是Wo应有的责任。  总的来说,我们的宿舍楼环Jing良好、设备齐全。但是,仍然存在一些不尽人意的Fang面,给我们的生活带来了不便:1、冬天室内暖气Bu足,供暖系统需要进一步改进;2、家具设计不合Li,没有供我们放书的书架。  如果您能够考Lv我的这些建议并使学校在  以上方面做出改Jin,我将感激不尽。您真诚的,  李明  Shan光词汇及词组:  obligation: n. Yi务,责任  generally speaking: Zong的来说situates: v. 处于  well-equipped: adj. She备齐全的maintain: v. 保持,维持  place: v. Fang置  in a … manner: 以……De方式  万能句型:  A freshman as I am, I feel that it is my obligation to make some suggestions concerning…  I would be more than happy if my proposals could be considered and positive  Dao歉信 Letter of Apology  Wo们在工作或生活中,有时难免会犯一些错误,写封Zhi歉信就显得很有必要。道歉信通常包括以下内容:Biao示歉意;道歉的原由;出现差错的原因;提出弥补Cuo施;请求原谅。写道歉信的语言要诚挚,解释的理You要真实,不要显出丝毫的虚情假意。好的道歉信不Jin会取得对方的谅解,还会增进彼此的感情。  Xie作  表示歉意->说明具体原因、提出补救Ban法->再次致歉、希望得到理解  Tips:  Zai写作过程中,尽可能提供比较合理的理  由。Ru果违反生活常识将导致扣分。  在解释完原Yin后,尽量提供一个合适的补救办法,使行文更加完Man。  (1)Directions:  You are invited to a dinner at a friend's house, but you are not able to attend because of the preparation for a coming examination. Write a letter to your friends to express your apology, explain your reason, and suggest a meeting at another time.  You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.  Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use  Do not write the address.  Fan文:  Dear Anne,  Thank you for your invitation to dinner at your home tomorrow evening. Unfortunately, it is much to my regret that I cannot join you and your family, because I will be fully occupied then for an important exam coming the day after tomorrow. I feel terribly sorry for missing the chance of such a happy  get-together, and I hope that all of you enjoy a good time. Is it possible for you and me to have a private meeting afterward? If so, please don't hesitate to drop me a line about your preferable  date. I do long for a pleasant chat with you.  Please allow me to say sorry again.  Regards,  Li Ming  Yi文:  亲爱的安:  感谢你邀请我于Ming日晚上与你和你的家人  共进午餐。可是,Wo非常遗憾地告诉你我无法赴约,因为我将忙于准备Hou天的一门重要考试。错过了这么一个欢乐的聚会我Shen感遗憾,我希望你们能度过一个愉快的时光。对了,Zai我考试后我们可以见一面么?如果可以的话请随时Gei我打电话,我非常期待能和  你愉快地聊天。  Qing允许我再一次致歉。  您真诚的,  Li明  闪光词汇及词组:  occupy: v. Zhan用,占  get-together: n. Ju会,联欢会hesitate: v. 犹豫,踌Chu  drop sb. a line: 给Mou人打一个电话preferable: adj. Geng好的,更可取的  long for sth: Ke望  万能句型:  Thank you for your invitation to dinner at your home tomorrow evening. Unfortunately, it is much to my regret that I cannot…  I feel terribly sorry for missing the change of…  Is it possible for you and me to have a private meeting afterwards?  If so, please don't hesitate to drop me a call about your preferable date.  Please allow me to say sorry again.  (2)Directions:  You failed to finish an important task assigned by your professor because of a severe illness. Write a letter to your professor tp express your apology, explain your reason, and suggest a solution to make up the loss.  You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.  Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use  Do not write the address.  Fan文:  Dear Prof. Patent,  I am very sorry to inform you that I did not manage to complete the book report you assigned last week, due to a sudden illness falling upon me a few days ago. For the past few days I have been in hospital with a continuous fever, which has thus prevented me from any academic activity. I hereby submit the doctor's note.  I would be very much obliged if you could grant me another week for the task, as my health is turning better.  Hope you can understand my situation and accept my apology.  Yours faithfully,  Li Ming  Yi文:  尊敬的Patent教授:  Wo非常遗憾地告知您我没有完成您上周布置的读书报Gao,因为几天前我突然生病了。过去的几天中我一直Chi续高烧,住在医院,因此无法进行任何学术活动。Sui信是医生的诊断书。  如果您能再给一周时Jian来完成它我将感激不尽,因为现在我的身体正在好Zhuan。  希望您能理解我的处境并接受我的道歉。  Nin真诚的,  李明  闪光词汇及词组:  assign: v. Fen配,指派  fall upon sb: Jiang临到某人身上  continuous: adj. Chi续的  prevent sb from sth/doing sth: Shi某人不能做某事  hereby: adv. Yin此,据此  submit: v. 提交,Di交  obliged: adj. 感激的  grant: v. Tong意,准予

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