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并列连词和并列词 列连连接词

2019-08-10来源:本站编辑

相关试题【1】

并列连词和从属连词有什么区别

连词是一种虚词, 它不能独立担任句子成Fen而只起连接词与词,短语与短语以及句Yu句的作用.连词主要可分为两类:并列连词和Cong属连词.并列连词用来连接平行的词、词组He分句.如:and, but, or, nor, so, therefore, yet, however, for, hence, as well as, both…and, not only…but also, either…or, neither…nor, (and)thenDeng等.
1. 并列连词 并列连词用Lai连接属于同一层次并具有相同句法功能De词;短语或句子.并列连词包括:基本并列连Ci如 and, or , but , 关联连词Ru either...or , neither...nor , not only...but also ,both ...and, whether...or Deng;介于并列连词与从属连词之间的连词;Jie于并列连词与从属连词或介词之间的结构如 as well as , as much as, rather than , more than, no less than Deng;此外还有些'半连接词',一些语法学家把它Men称为连接副词,如 nevertheless, however, meanwhile, otherwise, likewise Deng,它们在句中做连接性状语.这类连词主要是从逻Ji上,而不是从形式上连接句子,其关系比较Song散.
1) 表示意义转折和对比De并列连词
常见的有:but , while, whereas, still, yet , nevertheless, likewise, anyway , only , conversely , on the contrary, by this time, all the same , fortunately, on the other hand , in the meantime Deng词语.
2) 表示选择的并列Lian
常见的有: or, whether...or, either...or, otherwise Deng.例如:
Either ...or He whether...or 表示选Ze,其意义比单用 or 要强,但由 whetrher...or Gou成的并列结构一般只能担任句子的从属成分.上例Zhong最后一句, whether...or 结构Zai句中担任句子的从属成分. Either ...or He or 一样,可以连接两个并列的独立分句,Er whether...or 则不可以. or Yong于表示否定的条件意义时,有时可与连用.
Or Lian接主语时,如主语都是单数,动词则取单数Xing式;如主语都是复数,动词则取复数形式,如果Zhu语有的是复数,动词则取复数形式,如果主语You的是单数,有的是复数,动词的数则与Ta靠近的主语的数相一致.
连接两Ge主语时,动词的数也应与靠近他的主语的数Xiang一致.例如:
Neither he nor I am a good student.
3) Biao示因果意义的并列并列连词
常见的有: for ,so ,therfore ,hence ,thus, accordingly, consepuently, on that account, in that case Deng.例如:
The fuel must have beeenfinished, for the engine stopped.
It rained , therefore the game was called off.
Biao示原因的并列连词只有 for ,它所引导的分Ju只是对前一分句补充说明理由或推断原Yin. for 引导的分句只能置于句末,Er且必须用逗号与前一分句隔开.上面所提到的 so,therefore Deng词,有的语法学家把它们做为连接性状语.
4) Biao示联合关系的并列连词
常见的有: and, both...and, neither...nor, not only... but also Deng.
当 neither...nor, not only ...but also Lian接主语时,动词的数则与靠近它的主语的数Xiang一致. Both ...and 不能连接两Ge以上的并列成分,也不能连接分句.例如: Wu:Both Mary swept the floor and Nancy mopped it.
5) Qi它并列连词
常见的有: as well as, more than, rather than, no less than Deng.
(1) as well as 表Shi '同' 和 '也' 的意义
as well as Yong作并列https://.com/zhuanti/深海泰坦语录.html连词时它意义相当于 not only...but also, Dan侧重点在后一并列成分上而 as well as Ce重点却在前一并列成分上 ,A as well as B=not only B but also A.
(2) more than Biao示而不是之意. 例如:
(3) rather than Biao示 '而不是' 之意.
(4) no less than Biao示 ' 同 ... 一样 ' 之意.
Dang as well as ,more than, rather than, no less than Lian接两个成分作主语时谓语动词应于第一Ge成分的数相一致. 在使用并列连词时我们应Gai注意:
(1) 并列连词不可以连Yong.
(2) 有些连接性状语副词可以和Mou些从属连词对应使用.
(3) Zai for 或 so that 引出的分句中Ru果主语与前一分句的主语所指相同其主语不Ke以省略. 同样, 如果第二个分句是由连接Fu词引出的其主语通常也不可省略. 例如:
2. Cong属连词
从属连词用来引导名词从句He各类的状语从句.
从属连词按词形分为简Dan从属连词,复合从属连词,关连从属连词.
1) Jian单从属连词
常见的有:after, although, as, because, before, if, lest,once, since, that, till, unless, until, when, where, whether, while Deng.例如:
2) 复合从属连词
You两个或两个以上单词构成的从属连词,Ru: as if, as far as , as soon as, according as , in case , no matter who(how,what,when, where), rather than, for all that , given( that), in order that, now (that), on condition that , (so) that ,provided/providing(that), inasmuch as , insofar as Deng.
3) 关联从属连词 由两个关联Gou成的,如: as...as, nore(less,-er)...than, no sooner...than, so ...as , so...that,such...sa , the...the, whether...or Deng,
使用从属连词时,应该注意
(1) You从属连词引导的状语从句,其位置通常是可Bian的.
(2) 并列连词之间之前不Ke以加其它连词,而从属连词之前可以加Bing列连词;连接副词.
使用连词时, Huan应该注意:
1. because, for, since, as De区别
because语气强, 表Shi客观必然原因:例如: He is absent, because he is ill. Yin为生病,所以他没来.
比较:He is absent, for he is busy. (“Sheng病”是“缺席”的必然原因,“忙”不是Bi然原因.)
for 语气轻,表示Fei客观必然的原因,是主观可改变结果的原因,Shen至是猜测可能的原因:
He must be ill, for he is absent. “Que席”不一定是“生病”,只是交流猜测.
for Bu能放句首,它是并列连词.
since, as Du是不讲自明的原因, 是已知的原因.
Since I am a boy, let me carry the case.
As you don't feel well,you had better stay at home.

并列连词有哪些

  常用的并列连词:表并列关系:and,neither...nor....,either...or..., as well as , not only ...but also...Biao转折关系:but,yet,however,still,whileBiao选择关系:either...or...,neither...nor...,or,otherwiseBiao因果关系:for,稜herefore,so

when作为并列连词和从属连词时的区别?

  并列连词 when 和引导时间状语从句De从属连词 when 是不同的。这主Yao表现在以下几个方面: 1. 位置: when Yin导时间状语从句时,该从句可放在主句之前Ye可放在主句之后;而并列连词 when 只能位Yu两个分句之间,而且前面常常有逗号。例如: Come when you please. Ni高兴来就来吧。( when 为从属Lian词) When I saw him, he was writing to a friend of his. Wo看见他时,他在给一个朋友写信。( when Wei从属连词) I was taking a walk, when I came across him. Wo正在散步,突然碰见了他。 2. 意Yi: when 作从属连词用时,它所引导的从Ju表示主句中谓语动词动作发生的时间,即作“当……Shi”解;而并列连词 when 连接的两个分句Zhong,第一个分句表示的是背景,第二个分句表示的是Yi种突然的、意想不到的情况或过早发生的事Qing。 when 通常含“这时突然”之义。Li如: I was thinking of this, when I heard my name called. Wo正想着这件事,突然听到有人叫我的名Zi。 I had just fallen asleep, when the boor-bell rang. Wo刚入睡,门铃突然响了起来。 这种意义在孤Li的句子中可以理解到,在文章中更能体Hui得到。如在“ I was wandering through the street when I caught sight of a tailor's shop ”Yi句中,“在街头漫步”只是“看见有家缝纫店”的Shi间,其后作者怎样走进缝纫店,想要什么样的衣Fu,怎样受到伙计的奚落,又怎样受到老板的奉承Deng情景均与“漫步街头”没有直接的因果关系。 3. Shi态: when 引导的时间状语从句中可以Gen据句意的需要用一般现在时、一般过去时、过去Jin行时、分别说明现在,过去,甚至将来的行Wei;并列连词 when 后面的分句中通常用非Yan续性动词的一般过去时,其前表时间的分句中Ke用: ( 1 )过去进行时表示过去Mou时间正在进行的动作。例如: I was cooking when I heard her knocking at the door. Wo正在做饭,突然听到她敲门的声https://.com/zhuanti/深情守望什么意思.html音。 He was thinking about the problem, when an apple fell to the ground. Ta正在思考这个问题,突然有一只苹果掉到了地上。 ( 2 ) was /were going to, was / were about to, was / were on the point of Biao示过去某一时间将要发生的动作。例如: I was just going when he came in. Wo正要走,这时他就进来了。 We were about to start when it began to rain. Wo们刚要动身天就开始下起雨来了。 He was on the point of leaving, when someone knocked at the door. Ta刚要走就有人敲门。 ( 3 )过去Wan成时表示过早发生的事情。请看下述两Zhong场合: ( a )过去完成时和含否定意义的 hardly, scarcely, nearly Lian用,和 just, little 连Yong,或者与否定词......

英语中,哪些是并列连词

  常用的并列连词:  表并列关系:and,neither...nor.,either...or...,as well as ,not only ...but also...  Biao转折关系:but,yet,however,still,while  Biao选择关系:either...or...,neither...nor...,or,otherwise  Biao因果关系:for,therefore,so

although是不是并列连词

  连词都可以归为这两类    1. thoughShu于从属连词,是引导让步状语从句的从Shu连词  Thoughthe car is new,it rattles. Jin管汽车是新的,仍然发出格格声。  thoughYin导的是从句  2. therefore是表示Yin果关系的并列连词    从属连词有:when, while, as, before , after, untilDeng引导时间的从属连词  if, unless, supposing, provided, providing, in case of Deng引导条件状语的从属连词  in order that, so tha(Mu的是)t等引导目的状语从句的从属连词  so..that, such..that, so thaSuo以, so等引导结果的从属连词  because, as, sinceDeng引导原因状语的从属连词  although,though,even if, even thoughDeng让步状语的从属连词  where, whereeverDeng引导地点状语的从属连词  。。。  并列Lian词:表示意思转折的并列连词:but, yet, however, nevertheless  Biao示因果关系的并列连词:for, so, therefore, hence  Biao示其它关系的并列连词:  and, or, either..or. neither...nor, not only..but also, both ...and

并列连词and,or,but,so用法

  英语中,连词是连接单词、短语或者句子的Yi种虚词,在句中不单独做任何成分。按Zhao性质,连词可以分为并列连词和从属连词。由Bing列连词连接的两个(或两个以上)简单句叫Zuo并列句,由从属连词连接的句子叫做主从复合句。Bing列连词可以用来表示并列关系、转折关系、Xuan择关系或因果关系等。  1.andDe用法  并列连词and意为“和,又”,Biao示并列关系,常用来连接表示对等成分的单词、短Yu或者句子,表示意思的顺延或增补。例如:  (1)Our Maths teacher is kind and heipful.Wo们数学老师和蔼可亲而且乐于帮助我们。(Lian接连个形容词)  (2)I went to the supermarket and bought some vegetables this morning.Jin天早上我去超市买了一些蔬菜。(连接两个动词Duan语,表示意思的顺延,动作的先后发生)  (3)Her uncle gave her a new bike as her birthday present and she liked it very much.Ta叔叔给了他一辆新自行车作为生日礼物,她非常喜Huan。(连接连个简单句,表示意思的顺延,并Lie句)  and用作并列连词有多重Han义,除了表示并列关系外,还可以表示目De(and之后)和条件(and之前)Deng关系。例如:  (4)Come and see my family.Lai见见我家人。(see表示目的)  (5)Be careful,and you will make fewer mistakes.Ru果仔细,你犯的错误就少)(Be carefulBiao示条件)  2.but的用法  并列连词butYi为“但是”,表示转折关系,所连接的成分意思相Fan或相对。例如:  (1)Our school is small but beatiful.Wo们学校虽然小但很漂亮。(连接两个形容词,意Si相对)  (2)The car is very old but it runs very fast.Sui然小汽车旧了,但跑得很快。  3.or的Yong法  并列连词or意为“或者”,表示选Ze关系。例如:  (1)Which do you like better ,juice or Coke?Guo汁和可乐,你更喜欢哪个?(连接两个名词)  (2)Do you often go to school on foot or by bike?Ni经常步行去上学还是骑自行车去上学?(连接Lian个介词短语)  (3)You can stay here, or you can leave.Ni可以待在这里,也可以离开。(连接两个Jian单句)  另外,在否定句中否定并列Cheng分时,用or,而不用and。例如:  (4)I can't speak English or French.Wo不会将英语和法语。(不能使用and)  Ying语中,“祈使句+or+简单句”结构,Ye是一种常用句型。句型中,or意为“否则”,祈Shi句相当于一个条件,可以和以“if”Yin导的条件状语从句进行转换。例如:  (5)Put on your coat,or you will catch a cold.Chuan上你的上衣,否则你会感冒的。  =If you don’t put on your coat,you will catch a cold.(Zhuan换成以“if ”引导的条件状语从句时,Yao去掉并列连词or)  4.so的用法  Bing列连词so表示“因此、所以”之意,常用来Lian接两个简单句,这两个简单句有意思上的因Guo关系。例如:  (1)The rain ......

怎么区别从属连词和并列连词

  从属连词通常用来引导名词性从句和状语从Ju。后面紧跟从句,如when,after,because  Bing列连词一般用来连接两个并列的句子,如;but,so,and.  Zhu要讲when。  当能翻译成“当。。。De时候”时,是从属连词;翻译成“(正在)这时。。。”Shi,是并列连词。如:    I'll ring you up when I get to Beijing.(Cong属连词)  We were playing football yesterday when it began to pour rain.(Bing列连词)

英语中的 从属连词 和 并列连词 是什么?怎么用

  连词是一种虚词, 它不能独立担任句子成Fen而只起连接词与词,短语与短语以及句Yu句的作用.连词主要可分为两类:并列连词和Cong属连词.并列连词用来连接平行的词、词组He分句.如:and, but, or, nor, so, therefore, yet, however, for, hence, as well as, both…and, not only…but also, either…or, neither…nor, (and)thenDeng等.  1. 并列连词 并列连词用来连Jie属于同一层次并具有相同句法功能的词;Duan语或句子.并列连词包括:基本并列连词如 and, or , but , Guan联连词如 either...or , neither...nor , not only...but also ,both ...and, whether...or Deng;介于并列连词与从属连词之间的连词;介于Bing列连词与从属连词或介词之间的结构如 as well as , as much as, rather than , more than, no less than Deng;此外还有些'半连接词',一些语法学家把它Men称为连接副词,如 nevertheless, however, meanwhile, otherwise, likewise Deng,它们在句中做连接性状语.这类连词主要是从Luo辑上,而不是从形式上连接句子,其关系比较松散.  1) Biao示意义转折和对比的并列连词  常见的有:but , while, whereas, still, yet , nevertheless, likewise, anyway , only , conversely , on the contrary, by this time, all the same , fortunately, on the other hand , in the meantime Deng词语.  2) 表示选择的并列连词  Chang见的有: or, whether...or, either...or, otherwise Deng.例如:  Either ...or He whether...or 表示选择,Qi意义比单用 or 要强,但由 whetrher...or Gou成的并列结构一般只能担任句子的从属Cheng分.上例中最后一句, whether...or Jie构在句中担任句子的从属成分. Either ...or He or 一样,可以连接两个并列的独立分句,Er whether...or 则不可以. or Yong于表示否定的条件意义时,有时可与连用.  Or Lian接主语时,如主语都是单数,动词则取单数形Shi;如主语都是复数,动词则取复数形式,如果主Yu有的是复数,动词则取复数形式,如果主语You的是单数,有的是复数,动词的数则与它靠近的Zhu语的数相一致.  连接两个主语时,动词的Shu也应与靠近他的主语的数相一致.例如:  Neither he nor I am a good student.   3) Biao示因果意义的并列并列连词  常见的有: for ,so ,therfore ,hence ,thus, accordingly, consepuently, on that account, in that case Deng.例如:  The fuel must have beeenfinished, for the engine stopped.  It rained , therefore the game was called off.  Biao示原因的并列连词只有 f......

并列连词连接两个分句用逗号隔开吗

  第一种情况。并列关系连接两个分句一般情Kuang用逗号隔开。  第二种情况。并列关Xi连接两个分句表达意思较长。【句子内可含有Dou号,与另个句子用分号适当分开】  第三Zhong情况。并列关系连接两个分句里含有“和”、“补Chong”、“增加”等意思不用逗号隔开。  注Yi:非并列关系(如转折关系、因果关系Deng)的多重复句,第一层的前后两部分之间,用Fen号隔开。

并列连词和从属连词有什么区别

  从属连词能引导从句,并列连词是把简单句Lian接成并列句

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