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that which和what区别 what which 从句的区别

2019-08-13来源:本站编辑

相关试题【1】

that which what 用法的区别

首先,that和which在从句里都可Yi做宾语和主语,做宾语时可以省略.在定语从句中,You种说法叫"关宾省",意思是关系代词在限制Xing定语从句中作宾语可以省略,不管是that,which,Huan是whom.但是which能引导非限制性Ding语从句,that则不行.
Ci,记得以下只能用that的几种情况:
1. Dang先行词为all, much, little, noneJi由any, every, some, noSuo构成的复合不定代词时.
如:We should do all that is useful to the people. Wo们应该做一切有益于人民的事情.
Please tell me anything that you know about the matter. You关此事,凡是你所知道的请告诉我.
2. Dang先行词被any, few, little, no, all, much, someDeng词修饰时.
如:You can take any seat that is free. Ren何空着的座位你都可以坐.
There is little work that is fit for you. Ji乎没有适合你的工作.
3. 当先行词Wei序数词或被序数词所修饰时.
如:When people talk about the cities of China, the first that comes to my mind is Beijing. Ren们谈论起中国的城市的时候,我首先 Xiang到的是北京.
This is the fourth film that has been shown in our school this term. Zhe是我们校本学期放映的第四部电影.
4. Dang先行词为形容词最高级或被形容词最高级修饰Shi.
如:The best that I could do was to apologize. Wo唯一能做的就是赔礼道歉了.
This is the most interesting story book that I have ever read. Zhe是我读过的一本最有趣的故事书.
5. Dang先行词被the very, the only, the last, the just, the sameDeng修饰时.
如: This is the very book that I’m looking for. Zhe正是我在找的书.
The only thing that we could do was to wait. Wo们唯一能做的事就是等待.
注意:先行Ci被the same修饰时,关系代词也可Yongas.如:I need the same book that / as you have. Wo需要有你一样的书.
6. 当先行词既Bao含人又包含物时.
如: They are talking of the heroines and their deeds that interest them. Ta们正在谈论他们感兴趣的女英雄及她们De事迹.
7. 当先行词是疑问代词who,which,whatHuo主句以这些词开头时.
如:Who that has ever worked together with him doesn’t admire him? Zeng经和他一起工作过的谁不钦佩他?
Which is the star that is nearer to the earth? Na个是离地球比较近的星星?
8. Dang先行词为主句表语或关系代词为从句表语时.
Ru:That’s a good book that will help you a lot. Na是本对你很有帮助的书.
Our school is no longer the place that it used to be. Wo们的学校现在已不是过去的那个样子了.
9. Xian行词为time时,当time表示次数,引Dao词用that, 可省略. 当表示时间,可用thatHuowhen引导,都可省略.
如:I do remember the first time(that) I had ever heard the sweetest voice in the world.Wo很清楚地记得当我第一次听到世界上最美的声Yin的时候.
I did't remember the exact time (when/that) I arrived in Shanghai last month. Wo不记得上个月到达上海的确切时间了.
Hou,请注意以下几种只能使用which的情况:1. Zai“介词+关系代词”结构中,关系代词必须用which.Ru: The house in which we live is very large. Wo们住的房子非常大. This is the reference book of which the teacher is speaking. Zhe就是老师正在谈及的那本参考书.
Zhu意: 如果介词不放在修饰事物的限定性Ding语从句的句首, which就可换为that, Li如: This is the question which/that we’ve had so much discussion about. =This is the question about which we’ve had so much discussion. Zhe就是我们已经多次讨论过的问题.
2. Xian行词为“those+表事物的复数名词”时, Guan系代词通常只用which而不用that.
Ru:you should grasp well those skills which may be used in the future work.
Zui后,记得这个特殊情况吧:当先行词是表示原因或Fang式的名词时,可以用that引导定语从Ju,相当于介词+which,that可以省略.
Ru: She likes the child for the very reason that (=for which) she loves his father. Ta喜欢那个孩子因为她爱着孩子的父亲.
He didn’t like the way that (=in which) she speaks to his mother. Ta不喜欢她对他的母亲那样说话.
Imagine the speed that (=at which) he drives the car. Hen难想象,他开车开得那么快.
The reason (that /for which /why) he came here was to ask for our help.Ta来这里的原因是寻求我们的帮助.What和whichDe区别1,what 表示什么,what class are you in Zhi你在什么班,比如艺术班,书法班,数Xue班,等等,但which class are you inZhi的是你在哪一个班,问话的人事先知道有哪些Ban,然后问对方在那个,或一班,二班,或艺术、数Xue其中的班.二者在这个用法上的区别不Shi特别大.有时候可以换用,根据习惯用.2,Dang这个句子用在非限制性从句中时,就必须用which,Er不是what.比如,the class 4, which class are you in, is a goog class.
thatYuwhat引导名词性从句的区别
thatYin导名词性从句只起连接作用,在从句中不作任何成Fen,无意义,在宾语从句通常省略,但在主语从句、Biao语从句和同位语从句中均不能省略;whatChu引导从句外,还在从句中作成分,意为“所……De(东西)”,在含义上等于“名词+that”.Ru
1. 用that的例子
That she lacks experience is obvious. Ta缺少经验,这是显然的.
The police learned that he wasn’t there at that time. Jing察获知他那时不在场.
He realized that she too was exhausted. Ta意识到她也精疲力尽.
My idea is that you shouldn’t have left the country. Wo的意见是你不应该离开那个国家.
Bob has the mistaken idea that tomorrow is a holiday. Bao勃错误地认为明天是一个假日.
It was quite plain that he didn’t want to come. Hen明显他不想来.
It is natural that they should have different views. Ta们看法不同是很自然的.
2. Yongwhat的例子
What (=The thing that) he said was true. Ta所讲的是事实.
What he had hoped at last came true. Ta希望的事终于成为现实.
What he said is beneath contempt. Ta说的话不值一理.
What he says is true, possibly. Huo许他说的是对的.
What she saw gave her a fright. Ta看到的情况吓了她一跳.
What I want to say is this. Wo想说的是这一点.
I’m sorry for what I said. Wo为我说的话表示歉意.
That’s what I want to know. Zhe是我想知道的.
You had better hear what I have to say. Ni最好听听我的意见.
I managed to get what I wanted. Wo设法得到了我要的东西.
It was what he meant rather than what he said. Zhe是他的原意而不是他的原话.
There’s something in what he says. Ta的话有些道理.
Her interest was roused by what he said. Ta的话引起了她的兴趣.
He was always conscious of the fact that she did not approve of what he was doing. Ta一向清楚她不太赞成他的做法.
注:that Ke引导同位语从句,what不能.如:
Have you any idea what time it starts? Ni知道什么时候开始吗?

What和which有什么区别

  What和which有什么区别?  1。Zai名词性从句中,what可以当从句的主语,宾语,Biao语,而 which很少用于名词性从句,如Zai名词性从句出现,它表示的是~那一个~即已Que定的几个人或物中的~那一个~,往往在从句Zhong当定语,后面要跟一个名词,如果上文Gang出现了几个确定的名词,which后可省Lue名词,计时它当主语,宾语,表语,但Ta不象what一样表示某物一,某物二,,Er是表示~那一个~例:  What I want to sell is my house 。  I have three houses,I have to sell one,but I don`t know which to sell 。  2。Zai定语从句中,只能用which,thatDang从句的主,宾,表,定,不能用,what,例:  The thing which/that I want to sell is my house 。

which that what在定语从句中的用法以及区别

  what不能引导定语从句,只能引导名词Xing从句(如主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句)。如:  This is what I want to do.Zhe就是我想做的事。    which that Ke以引导定语从句,并且都可以在定语从句中充Dang主语或宾语。  which指代的先行词只Neng是物,that指代的先行词既可以是Wu,也可以是人。    在下列三种情况下Zhi能用which,不能用that:  1、Jin跟在介词后面。如:  This is the very pen, with which I have written many articles.  2、whichHou面有插入语。如:  This is the gramma book which, as I have told you, will improve your English.  3、Yin导非限制性定语从句。如:  She has a house, which was built last year.    Dan在下列六种情况下只能用that:  1、先行Ci有形容词的最高级或序数词修饰时,必用that。Ru:  It is the first shop that lies at the foot of the mountain.  2、Zai不定代词,如:anything, nothing, the one, all, much, few, any, littleDeng作先行词时,只用that。如:All that haven't been done must be done at once.  3、Xian行词既有人,又有物时,只用that。如:  We finally saw the school and teachers that we haven't seen for nearly ten years.  4、Zaithere be 句型中,只用that,Bu用which。如:  There is a ruler that is made of wood.  5、Xian行词有the only, the veryXiu饰时,只用that。如:  Lucy is the only girl that comes from America.  6、 Guan系代词在从句中作表语并带有类比含义时, 通Chang只用that, 不用which. 如:  He is no longer the star that he was. Ta不再是过去的那位明星了。

从句中what和which,that的区别

  1 关系代词作介词宾语,即 介词+关系Dai词,指物只能用which  Last night I had a dream in which I became a Nobel Prize winner.  2 Fei限制定语从句中,指物只能用which,亦Ke指整个前面的句子.  He reads English every day,which does good to his English study.  Zhi用that  1 先行词为不定代词:one much everything all any ...  2 Xian行词被形容词最高级所修饰  3 先Xing词被序数词所修饰  4 先行词由only ,just ,very,rightDeng修饰  5 在以which 开头的Te殊疑问举重,避免重复用that.  6 Xian行词在从句中担任表语,从句的关系词用that  what Yi般指代主语

由which和what引导的宾语从句的区别

  which和what在宾语从句中同属连Jie代词,在从句中可做主语、宾语及定语。  它们Men二者最主要的区别在于本身意义的不同,whichFan译成“哪个/件/条……";what  翻Yi成”什么“。而在具体用法上没有什么明显的Qu别,以下用例子证明。  1.whichYin导的宾语从句,其本身在从句中所充当的成Fen。  I don't know which bike belongs to my daughter.(Zuo定语)  我不知道那辆自行车是我女儿的。  He asked me which I liked best.(Zuo宾语)  他问我喜欢哪本书。  She wants to know which is the best.(Zuo主语)  她想知道哪个是最好的。    2.whatYin导的宾语从句,其本身在从句中所充当的成分。  I wonder what he does.(Zuo宾语)  我想知道他是做什么工作的。  I don't know what happened.(Zuo主语)  综合比较之后,可以看出它们De区别主要是词义方面的。

定语中which 和what的区别 我一直搞不懂

  你是不是想问定语从句中的关系代词thatHewhich的区别?定语从句中一般不用what.thatHewhich的区别在于:  1.that可Yi指人,也可以指物;which只能指物  2.Dang先行词是不定代词all,something,anything,everything,none,the oneDeng时,只能用that  如:Is there anything that I can do for you?  3.Xian行词前有形容词的最高修饰时,要用that  Ru:This is the best film that I have ever seen for years.  4.Xian行词前有序数词修饰时,要用that  Ru:This is the fifth book that I have ever written.  5.Xian行词前有形容词only,very,few,littleDeng修饰时,要用that  如:She was the only person that was invited to the palace.  6.Xian行词既指人,又指物时,只能用that  7.Zai非限制性定语从句中,只能用which  Ru:She made great progress and won a prize,which gave us a surprise.  8.Zai介词+关系代词引导的定语从句中,必须用which  Ru:This is the knife with which John hurt somebody.  9.Dang先行词本身是that的时候,要用which  Ru:The predicate is that which is said of the subject.

what 和 which在做关系代词指代时有什么区别

  要想分辨好这两者之间的关系,还真要费一Xia口舌。  1.做疑问代词时,无范围的选what,You范围的选which;  What would you like to eat for lunch?  Which do you like to eat for lunch, fish or meat?  2.Ding语从句中没有what;  3.名词性从句Zhong,缺主语或宾语的用what。  I couldn't understand what you said just now.(whatZuo从句宾语)

what 在宾语从句做定语和which有什么区别

  不仅仅是在宾语从句中。  二者做定语时whichYou范围,指在某范围内的哪个,what没有范围。Ru:  Which season do you like, spring, summer, autumn or winter?

what,where,which 有什么区别

  你的从句是什么?  若是定语从句,用WhereDe是表示地点状语,而用Which的就可能是主语,Bin语等,若非要用which来表达whereDe意思,那就要用介词+which.    whatShi表示不清楚对象是什么样的,比如what is your pen,Jiu要翻译成你的笔是什么样的? 而whichShi表示在已经知道的对象中来进行选择,比如which is your pen Jiu翻译为哪个是你的笔.  用WhichDe时候,一般在后面会跟上一个选择范围,比Ru:which place to go, shanghai or Beijing?  Er用What的时候一般没有一定的范围.What place to goJiu等于where to go?

定语从句what和which的区别

  1.Which 指物,在定语从句中做主Yu或宾语,做宾语时可省略。  The factory which makes computers is far away from here.   This is the pen (which) he bought yesterday.   2.That Ji可以指人也可以指物. 从句中作主语或宾语,Bin语可省略。  The number of people that / who come to visit this city is one million.   Yesterday I received a letter that / which came from Australia.

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